Final Paper

Topics: Geoffrey Chaucer, Philosophy, Plato Pages: 10 (3061 words) Published: September 17, 2014
Yash Sharma
Final Paper

This year we have read many stories in STEP English 2 class with Mrs. Palacios. Many had villains who are relatable and not a clear villain or multiple villains and instead of usual focus on the hero, there were some pieces of literature which focused on the villain. During this year there were many stories which seemed to have messages which were at odds at each other. An English class in modern schooling is not supposed to be biased so in many issues, philosophies, and feelings the class encounters similar philosophies and opposite philosophies, issues, and feelings. This leads to comparing and contrasting in countless ways of works of literature which were written at different times and usually no relation to each other. Different kinds of ideas exist in every part of the world but some ideas can exist on opposite ends of Earth. Literature is a way of expressing ideas and in the literature which was done this year, plenty of ideas influenced us or was rejected by us. In the Miller’s Tale in the Canterbury Tales and the Phaedo in the Great Dialogues of Plato, differing and similar viewpoints are expressed and knowing the background and deeper meaning of each tale can help understanding of the tales increase and in doing so increase the amount of learning done in English Class.

The Great Dialogues of Plato were actually Socrates’s dialogues used by Plato to further his own ideas. Most of the ideas in these Great Dialogues were Socrates’s. Socrates and Plato were both great philosophers who were admired by many and were great inspirations to the movement which changed our world, the Renaissance. Socrates and Plato were Greek Philosophers. Socrates was the teacher and Plato was the student. Little is known about Socrates’s early life but he is known for his later life. In his later life, he became a teacher on the streets, a philosopher but not a sophist, a supporter of strong government but persecuted by the same government and a man who faced a chance to escape his death but rejected it based on his principles and chose to die. He was a man who did not fear death as he had created a thorough philosophy to assure him that he knew what was coming next. What for many is the unknown was clearly known by Socrates in his mind. Socrates was supposedly ugly but still garnered as much respect as Jesus and the Buddha after he died and had a fair amount of followers while he was living. He was on the streets dressed in rags but students in universities still respected him because what he had to say was so great. Here is a quote from a secondary source which shows this fact: “For the rest of his life, Socrates devoted himself to free-wheeling discussion with the aristocratic young citizens of Athens, insistently questioning their unwarranted confidence in the truth of popular opinions, even though he often offered them no clear alternative teaching. Unlike the professional Sophists of the time, Socrates pointedly declined to accept payment for his work with students, but despite (or, perhaps, because) of this lofty disdain for material success, many of them were fanatically loyal to him.” One characteristic of Socrates which is the defining thought of his entire philosophy was to question. Socrates was the greatest advocate of asking questions, to question, and to not just to hear some thoughts and think it is truth. If the thoughts are questioned they may be proven wrong and false thoughts would not be remembered by the brain. On the flip side, learning would increase on the topic questioned because more will be told about it by the one who spoke the thoughts which are now being questioned to validate his point of argument. Socrates’s philosophy is only known by the Great Dialogues of Plato where it is well-known that Plato may have shaped Socrates in the dialogues to say his thoughts rather than Socrates’s own. Nevertheless, Socrates’s faith in questioning was the central point of...
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