Mrs. Amanda Martin
25 November 2014
When considering the growing numbers of immigrants coming into the United States and the mass rates of detentions and deportations, many fail to acknowledge the impact these immigration procedures cause on the minors in these families. There must be modifications in regards to the immigration enforcement policies, which include the raids, as well as detention and deportation processes to help diminish the harsh impacts that overwhelm these children. The continued and growing rates of split families caused by immigration policies reflect substantial psychological, physical, social and economic effects that transpire on these children. As a nation, the welfare of the children involved in these cases should be of our priority, because let us not forget that they are tomorrow’s people and the future of our country. Since the commencement of this country, efforts to remove criminals and protect the country’s safety have been of great importance. However, since the overwhelming events that impacted the safety of our country on September 11, 2001, the border’s protection and deportation practices have been stronger than in previous years. Nearly 400,000 deportations took place in each year of 2010 and 2011, which consists of the highest number of deportation cases in the past decades. The re-election of President Obama had promised modifications to the immigration policies that had instilled hope in undocumented people. In 2012, he announced some changes that impacted undocumented students who were brought to this country illegally as children under the age of sixteen. We had yet, to see his promise for an immigration reform take into place. However, on November 20, 2014 he announced his executive action to provide temporary stay to undocumented people who have been living in the country for more than five years, have children that are American citizens or permanent residents, apply and pass a background check, as well as are willing to contribute to the country’s economy. He promises to “keep focusing deportation on actual threats to our security. Felons, not families. Criminals, not children.” Although, I am concerned about the “temporary” grant of stay, however I am glad that there is a change for the positive in the status of undocumented people and this will help with the major problem and consequences that derive from the splitting of families. As we will see in this essay, the effects on families and primarily on the children of deported parents are detrimental. ((What is the prosecutional discretion? ALTHOUGH THERE HAVE BEEN PROTESTS AND BILLS PASSED TO ONLY DEPORT CRIMINALS- MORE THAN # HAVE BEEN DEPORTED WITH NO CRIMINAL ACTS)) In researching the effects of detention and deportation practices on children, I found the group Human Impact Partners who researched the overall health effects that impact families of these detained and deported parents. As they emphasized, “Extensive research recognizes that health is a product of social, environmental and economic conditions that create opportunities for individuals, families and communities to lead healthy lives” therefore we can very well assimilate that when a parent is deported these factors are undobtedly bound to change; leaving the family to suffer the absence of the parent and causing major differences in the children’s social, environmental and economic status. According to their report, How Family-Focused Immigration Reform Will Mean Better Health for Children and Families, “nationwide, an estimated 4.5 million children who are U.S. citizens by birth live in families where one or more of their parents are undocumented.” The children of undocumented parents live with the constant fear that their family might be split or that they might be put into the foster system; this fear essentially provokes additional complications. Furthermore, psychological problems such as behavioral issues, fear, anxiety...
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