Filippo Brunelleschi's Dome & Its Construction
I. Introduction & thesis
Period of time (The Renaissance): A.D. 1350-1700
1. Renaissance literally means "rebirth", "revival" "restoration"
a. Rebirth of the ancient Greek style
b. The neoclassic style of architecture prevailing during the Renaissance 2. Transitional movement in Europe
a. The Renaissance is understood as a historical age that was preceded by the Middle Ages and followed by the Reformation. b. Between medieval and modern times beginning in the 14th century in Italy, lasting into the 17th century 3. Flourishing in many areas
a. Humanistic (Philosophical) revival of classical influence b. Flowering of the arts
e. The very beginnings of modern science
Background information of Brunelleschi
Lived and worked in Florence from 1377-1446
He was trained as a sculptor and goldsmith in one of the typical Florentine workshops 3.
His interest in mathematics and the study of ancient monuments tended to turn his work more and more in the direction of architecture 4.
As he started off as a member of a goldsmith guild, he later became an architect and sculptor 1.
Because of his great techniques and discoveries he was also know as a specialist in mathematics 2.
He was also known as an engineer
He not only designed and built great architecture, he also invented and found new ways to do things such as lift up the materials he needed to use at high heights for building 5.
When he first entered his architecture field, he was frequently thrown out of meetings due to his temper 6.
He worked in Rome with his friend Donatello for 3 years
He is famous for the daring and original ideas behind his projects 8.
He harmoniously re-elaborated the forms of classical architecture 9.
Besides the Cupola of St. Maria del Fiore (Duomo)(Brunelleschi's Dome), he had many other architectural works such as: 1.
Ospedale degli Innocenti (The foundling children's...
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