Filipino sculptors came to be known in the middle of the 19th century. Classical Philippine sculpture reached its peak in the works of Guillermo Tolentino (1890-1976). His best known masterpiece is the Bonifacio Monument, which is a group sculpture composed of numerous figures massed around a central obelisk. The principal figure is Andres Bonifacio, leader of the revolution against Spain in 1896. Behind him stands Emilio Jacinto, the brains of the Katipunan. The Bonifacio Monumen t - completed in 1933 -- marked the apex of Tolentino'’s career.
Guillermo Estrella Tolentino (1890-1976), a teacher and sculptor, is a National Artist in sculpture of the Philippines . Reflected in his works being patriotic because he was a fan also of Rizal.
Tolentino was born on July 24, 1890 in Malolos, Bulacan and offset by Isidro Estrella Tolentino and Balbina. Mrs. HA Bordner first taught him to draw in Malolos Intermediate School. He graduated from City High School and earned his Bachelor of Arts in fine arts at the University of the Philippines (UP) in 1915. He went to the United States in 1919 and there, he studied under ascholarship at Beaux Arts School in New York. After he completed his course in Beaux Arts, he also fly to Europe where he attended the Instituto di Belle Arti Regge. He became a professor at UP School of Fine Arts in 1926 and later became secretary and director of the university. The Bon
▪ Bonifacio Monument, 1930
▪ UP Oblation
▪ statue of President Ramon Magsaysay in GSIS Lobby
▪ Alma Mater the University of the East
▪ Immaculate Conception
▪ Madonna and Child
Napoleon Abueva (born 1930), one of Tolentino'’s pupils, is one of the pioneering modernists in sculpture. He used various media. And his stylization bordered on the abstract as in Allegorical Harpoon, in which the dominant horizantal thrust of the figure evokes the vitality of primitive forms. Napoleón Isabelo Veloso-Abueva (born January 26, 1930), more popularly known as Napoleón Abueva, is a Filipino artist. He is a sculptor given the distinction as the Philippines' National Artist for Sculpture. He is also entitled as the "Father of Modern Philippine Sculpture". He is the only Boholano given the distinction as National Artist of the Philippines in the field of Visual Arts. Napoleon Abueva, nicknamed Billy, was born on January 26, 1930 in Tagbilaran, Bohol to Teodoro Abueva, a Bohol congressman and Purificacion (Nena) Veloso, president of the Women’s Auxiliary Service. His father was a friend and contemporary of former Philippine President Manuel Roxas and Ambassador Narciso Ramos. He was a member of the Provincial Board, and later became the Provincial Governor of Bohol. He ended his career as a Congressman in 1934. Both of Abueva's parents died serving their country. Abueva has six other brothers and sisters: Teodoro (Teddy), Jr., now based in New York, USA; Purificacion (Neny -deceased), married to Atty. Ramon Binamira (dec.) of Tagbilaran City; Jose Abueva (Pepe), former president of the University of the Philippines; Amelia Martinez (Inday), now living in Chicago; Teresita (Ching) Floro, now living in Sydney, Australia; and Antonio (Tony), a landscape artist who met a tragic fate aboard Princess of the Orient; his body has not been found. At U.P, one of his mentors was Guillermo Tolentino, also a national artist, who created the oblation at the university entrance . Tolentino later relegated to him the task of replicating the sculpture for the Campus of U.P. Los Banos. Abueva has helped shape the local sculpture scene in the Philippines. Being adept in both academic representational style and modern abstract, he has utilized almost all kinds of materials from hard wood (molave, acacia, langka wood, ipil, kamagong, palm wood and bamboo) to adobe, metal, stainless steel, cement, marble, bronze, iron, alabaster, coral and brass. In 1976, he was proclaimed...