Filipino Culture

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A Review of the Literature

Earnestean Williams

COUNS 504

Dr. Thomas, Jimletta Vareene

May 14, 2010

Abstract

The paper discusses Philippine and Filipino brief history of the life and times of the

Filipino people in the Philippines. The values of Filipino culture have changed through

emigration and immigration, as well as religiosity and spirituality, and because of

coexisting and sometimes conflicting values . Details are given outlining the global

Filipino diaspora in the 21st-century and highlights its impact on the social and religious

conditions of the people. An interview with a native born Filipinos young woman is

also presented

Filipino History Cultural Immersion Literature Review

There are at least 77 major ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippine archipelago,

which can be further subdivided into 244 sub-groupings depending on the variations of

the central cultures. Classification and identification of groups is based on factors such

as geography, environment, religion, language, rules on succession and social

organization.

In Luzon, the biggest island, the major groups are the: Ivatan/Itbayat; Ilocano;

Tinggian; Apayao; Kalinga; Balangao; Kankanay; Kankanaey; Bago; Bontoc; Ifugao;

Ibaloi; Ikalahan/Kalanguya; Iwak; Isinay; Pangasinan; Ga'dang; Ibanag; Itawit; Malaweg;

Yogad; Ilongot; Kapampangan; Palanan; Tagalog; Bicol; Negrito; and Sambal. All these

groups have their distinct culture and identity, contributing to the rich and diverse

Philippine cultural heritage.

Culture and Religion. Filipino culture is primarily based on the cultures of the

various native groups, though heavily influenced by Spanish, Mexican, and American

cultures. The customs and traditions of the Roman Catholic faith are Spain's lasting legacy.

Over 83% of the Filipino people are Christians, resulting from the Spanish colonization and

evangelization for over three centuries. However, a significant minority of Filipinos are

Filipino Muslims (most of which can be found in Mindanao and most of the Sulu

Archipelago). Flores de Mayo - a colorful celebration in Lucban Quezon where houses are decorated mainly with dried rice papers in different shapes and colors. Philippine Christianity dates back to the first truly global empire, that of the Spanish. In 1579 the bishopric of Manila was founded under the authority of Mexico City. In modern times, the country's population has boomed, and the present population of 96 million is expected to swell to 150 million by 2050. The Philippines is already home to more than 4 percent of the world's Christians. The nation is a vital heartland of the Roman Catholic Church, with the world's third-largest Catholic population. In any given year, the Philippines accounts for more Catholic baptisms than France, Spain, Italy and Poland combined. That continuing Catholic strength demands explanation. In many ways, the religious culture of the Philippines looks very much like that of Latin American countries that in recent years have witnessed an explosive growth in evangelical and Pentecostal churches. Yet the Philippine Catholic Church has suffered no such mass defections, nor are any on the horizon. That is because Catholic authorities have devised highly effective ways to channel and build on popular religious enthusiasm. If the Philippine Catholic Church cannot beat Pentecostals--and the Latin American experience suggests it can't—then it must join them. It does this through a series of lay organizations and societies that draw wholly on charismatic worship styles but remain within the church's very big tent. Whether by design or accident, these organizations have proved uniquely suitable for preserving the faith among a global diaspora. Holy Week (Semana Santa) -At Mass on Palm Sunday, Catholics carry "palaspas" or

palm leaves to be blessed by the priest. Many...
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