Filipino Culture

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A Review of the Literature

Earnestean Williams


Dr. Thomas, Jimletta Vareene

May 14, 2010


The paper discusses Philippine and Filipino brief history of the life and times of the

Filipino people in the Philippines. The values of Filipino culture have changed through

emigration and immigration, as well as religiosity and spirituality, and because of

coexisting and sometimes conflicting values . Details are given outlining the global

Filipino diaspora in the 21st-century and highlights its impact on the social and religious

conditions of the people. An interview with a native born Filipinos young woman is

also presented

Filipino History Cultural Immersion Literature Review

There are at least 77 major ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippine archipelago,

which can be further subdivided into 244 sub-groupings depending on the variations of

the central cultures. Classification and identification of groups is based on factors such

as geography, environment, religion, language, rules on succession and social


In Luzon, the biggest island, the major groups are the: Ivatan/Itbayat; Ilocano;

Tinggian; Apayao; Kalinga; Balangao; Kankanay; Kankanaey; Bago; Bontoc; Ifugao;

Ibaloi; Ikalahan/Kalanguya; Iwak; Isinay; Pangasinan; Ga'dang; Ibanag; Itawit; Malaweg;

Yogad; Ilongot; Kapampangan; Palanan; Tagalog; Bicol; Negrito; and Sambal. All these

groups have their distinct culture and identity, contributing to the rich and diverse

Philippine cultural heritage.

Culture and Religion. Filipino culture is primarily based on the cultures of the

various native groups, though heavily influenced by Spanish, Mexican, and American

cultures. The customs and traditions of the Roman Catholic faith are Spain's lasting legacy.

Over 83% of the Filipino people are Christians, resulting from the Spanish colonization and

evangelization for over three...
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