Figures of Speech

Topics: Figure of speech, Rhetoric, Metonymy Pages: 2 (340 words) Published: February 2, 2011
Figures of Speech

1. Alliteration - The repetition of an initial consonant sound.

2. Allusion - Figure of speech that makes a reference to or representation of, a place, event, literary work, myth, or work of art, either directly or by implication.

3. Antithesis - The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases.

4. Apostrophe - Breaking off discourse to address some absent person or thing, some abstract quality, an inanimate object, or a nonexistent character.

5. Assonance - Identity or similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words.

6. Euphemism - The substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit.

7. Hyperbole - An extravagant statement; the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect.

8. Irony - The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning. A statement or situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea.

9. Litotes - A figure of speech consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite.

10. Metaphor - An implied comparison between two unlike things that actually have something important in common.

11. Metonymy - A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated; also, the rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around it.

12. Onomatopoeia - The use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.

13. Oxymoron - A figure of speech in which incongruous or contradictory terms appear side by side.

14. Paradox - A statement that appears to contradict itself.

15. Personification - A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualities or abilities.

16. Simile - A stated comparison (usually formed with "like" or "as")...
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