Figures of Speech

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Figures of Speech [ Examples ]

1. Metaphor

❖ "But my heart is a lonely hunter that hunts on a lonely hill." (William Sharp, "The Lonely Hunter")

❖ "Love is an alchemist that can transmute poison into food--and a spaniel that prefers even punishment from one hand to caresses from another." (Charles Colton, Lacon)

2. Simile

❖ "Good coffee is like friendship: rich and warm and strong." (slogan of Pan-American Coffee Bureau)

❖ She dealt with moral problems as a cleaver deals with meat." (James Joyce, "The Boarding House")

3. Personification

❖ "Fear knocked on the door. Faith answered. There was no one there." (proverb quoted by Christopher Moltisanti, The Sopranos)

❖ "The operation is over. On the table, the knife lies spent, on its side, the bloody meal smear-dried upon its flanks. The knife rests." (Richard Selzer, "The Knife")

4. Apostrophe

❖ "Blue Moon, you saw me standing alone
Without a dream in my heart
Without a love of my own."
(Lorenz Hart, "Blue Moon")

❖ "Hello darkness, my old friend
I've come to talk with you again…”
(Paul Simon, "The Sounds of Silence")

5. Metonymy

❖ The suits on Wall Street walked off with most of our savings.

❖ “I stopped at a bar and had a couple of double Scotches. They didn't do me any good. All they did was made me think of Silver Wig, and I never saw her again." (Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep)

6. Hyperbole

❖ "I was helpless. I did not know what in the world to do. I was quaking from head to foot, and could have hung my hat on my eyes, they stuck out so far." (Mark Twain, "Old Times on the Mississippi")

❖ I'm really busy, I am doing like ten million things at the same time.

7. Litotes
❖ "The grave's a fine a private place,
But none, I think, do there...
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