Figure of Speech and Its Types

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ENGLISH
ASIGNMENT
TOPIC:- WRITE ABOUT FIGURE OF SPEECH AND TYPES OF SPEECH AND WRITE EXAMPLES ON EACH. NAME:- MUNIS A.P CLASS:- 7 B4 ROLL NO:- 28
ABOUT FIGURE OF SPEECH
A figure of speech is a rhetorical device that achieves a special effect by using words in distinctive ways. Though there are hundreds of figures of speech, here we'll focus on just 20 of the most common figures. You will probably remember many of these terms from your English classes. Figurative language is often associated with literature--and with poetry in particular. But the fact is, whether we're conscious of it or not, we use figures of speech every day in our own writing and conversations. In common usage, the opposite of a literal expression: a word or phrase that means something more or something other than it seems to say. As Professor Brian Vickers has observed, "It is a sad proof of the decline of rhetoric that in modern colloquial English the phrase 'a figure of speech' has come to mean something false, illusory or insincere."

Types of Speech:-
1) Metaphor: a comparison between two seemingly unrelated things. Metaphor can be stated or implied. Example: “Your eyes and the valley are memories. / Your eyes fire and the valley a bowl. 2) Simile: a direct comparison between two seemingly unrelated things using “like” or “as.” Example: “Sorrow like a ceaseless rain / beats upon my heart.” 3) Personification: granting human characteristics to something that is not human. Example: “Vine leaves tap my window, / Dew-drops sing to the garden stones” 4) Apostrophe: addressing an inanimate object as if it were living. Example: “Oh overshoes, / don’t you / remember me, / pushing you up and down / in the winter snow?” 5) Hyperbole: deliberate exaggeration for effect, usually for emphasis. Example: “Do I dare / Disturb the universe? 6) Paradox: a statement that appears self-contradictory, but is true. Or, two...
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