Figure of Speech

Topics: Rhetoric, Figure of speech, Rhetorical techniques Pages: 2 (357 words) Published: February 5, 2011
Types of Figure of speech
1.      Simile
Is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things, often introduced with the word "like" or "as". 2.      Metaphor
Is a figure of speech concisely comparing two things, saying that one is the other. 3.      Personification
Is an ontological metaphor in which a thing or abstraction is represented as a person.  A description of an inanimate object as being a living person or animal as in.  An outstanding example of a quality or idea.

4.      Trope
Is a way of turning a word away from its normal meaning, or turning it into something else. 5.      Hyperbole
Is a figure of speech in which statements are exaggerated.  It may be used to evoke strong feelings or to create a strong impression, but is not meant to be taken literally. 6.      Synecdoche
It is a figure of speech in which a term denoting a part of something is used to refer to the whole thing or a term denoting a thing (a "whole") is used to refer to part of it. 7.      Onomatopoeia

Is a word that imitates or suggests the source of the sound that it describes. 8.      Irony
It is a situation, literary or rhetorical device, in which there is an incongruity, discordance or unintended connection that goes beyond the most evident meaning. It is a disparity of expression and intention or when a literal meaning is contrary to its intended effect.  Use of word in a way that conveys a meaning opposite to its usual meaning. 9.      Transferred epithet

It is the trope or rhetorical device in which a modifier, usually an adjective, is applied to the "wrong" word in the sentence. The word whose modifier is thus displaced can either be actually present in the sentence, or it can be implied logically. The effect often stresses the emotions or feelings of the individual by expanding them on to the environment. 10.  Metonymy

It Is a figure of speech used in rhetoric in which a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something...
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