Figurative language, word or group of words used to give particular emphasis to an idea or sentiment. The special emphasis is typically accomplished by the user's conscious deviation from the strict literal sense of a word, or from the more commonly used form of word order or sentence construction. From ancient times to the present, such figurative locutions have been extensively employed by orators and writers to strengthen and embellish their styles of speech and composition. Figures of Speech are expression used by a writer to tell something different from a literal meaning of a word or a group of word. Through this, you can express idea in a fresh and distinctive way
Examples of Figurative Language
- is a sequence of ideas that abruptly diminish in dignity or importance at the end of a sentence or passage, generally for satirical effect. ExAmple:
* Among the great achievements of Benito Mussolini's regime were the revival of a strong national consciousness, the expansion of the Italian Empire, and the running of the trains on time.
- is a juxtaposition of two words, phrases, clauses, or sentences contrasted or opposed in meaning in such a way as to give emphasis to contrasting ideas. ExAmple:
* To err is human, to forgive divine.
- is a device by which an actor turns from the audience, or a writer from readers, to address a person who usually is either absent or deceased, an inanimate object, or an abstract idea.
* Hail divinest Melancholy, whose saintly visage is too bright to hit the sense of human sight.
- is a scheme type and often results when the verbs in supporting clauses are eliminated to produce shorter descriptive phrases. This makes them often hyperbatons, or figures of disorders because they can disrupt the flow of a sentence.
* Denver and Kid, both friends of mine, are starting a band.
-is the refrain of vowel sounds to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences and together with alliteration and consonance serves as one of the building blocks of verse.
* Dead in the middle of little Italy, little did we know that we riddled two middle men who didn’t go giddily.
-is a stylistic scheme in which conjunctions are deliberately omitted from a series of related clauses.
* We must hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace friends
-is a figure of speech in which two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point.
* By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.
-is an arrangement of words, clauses, or sentences in the order of their importance, the least forcible coming first and the others rising in power until the last.
* It is an outrage to bind a Roman citizen; it is a crime to scourge him; it is almost parricide to kill him; but to crucify him—what shall I say of this?
-is an elaborate, often extravagant metaphor or simile making an analogy between totally dissimilar things. The term originally meant “concept” or “idea.” The use of conceits is especially characteristic of 17th-century English metaphysical poetry.
* When you're as great as I am, it's hard to be humble.
-refers to the omission from a clause of one or more words that would otherwise be required by the remaining elements.
* He can play the guitar and I can play the guitar, too.
-is a term used to mean the substitution of one grammatical form for another one.
* Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth.
-is a substitution of a delicate or inoffensive term or phrase for one that has coarse, sordid, or otherwise unpleasant associations, as in the use of “lavatory” or “rest room” for “toilet,” and “pass away” for “die.”...