“The State shall establish, maintain, and support a complete, adequate, and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society.” The Philippine Constitution states that every Filipino be provided of quality basic education. The Department of Education, being the education arm of the state, has recently laid down its plan to add two years to basic education. This is presented in the discussion paper dated October 5, 2010. The model that is currently being proposed by DepEd is the K-6-4-2 Model. This model involves Kindergarten, six years of elementary education, four years of junior high school (Grades7 to 10) and two years of senior high school (Grades 11 to 12). Universal kindergarten will be offered starting SY 2011-2012. By SY 2012-2013, the new curriculum will be offered to incoming Grade 1 as well as to incoming junior high school students. Prior to this proposal, President Aquino in his State of the Nation Address stressed the need to add two more years to basic education. He further added that the 12 years of basic education will give public school children an even chance at succeeding.
The discussion paper presented the rationale for the program as: 1. enhancing the quality of basic education in the Philippines is urgent and critical, 2. the poor quality of basic education is reflected in the low achievement scores of Filipino students, 3. the congested curriculum partly explains the present state of education, 4. this quality of education is reflected in the inadequate preparation of high school graduates for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education, 5. the current system also reinforces the misperception that basic education is just a preparatory step for higher education, 6. our graduates are not automatically recognized as professionals abroad, 7. the short basic education program affects the human development of the Filipino children, 8. cognizant of this urgent and critical concern and in line with the priorities of the Aquino Administration, the Department of Education is taking bold steps to enhance the basic education curriculum Division offices nationwide are meeting all stakeholders to start the advocacy campaign this February, 2011. By: Salvacion J. Senayo
Briefer on the Enhanced K to 12 Basic Education Program
[Please note: The K to 12 program was launched on April 24, 2012, and the content of this briefer is outdated. Please view our new entries and more comprehensive information on the K to 12 Basic Education Program through www.gov.ph/k-12] Briefer prepared by the Department of Education, November 2, 2010 Salient Points on the Enhanced K to 12 Basic Education Program
What is K to 12?
* K to 12 means Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary education. Kindergarten refers to the 5-year old cohort that takes a standardized kinder curriculum. Elementary education refers to primary schooling that involves six or seven years of education Secondary education refers to high school.
How are we planning to implement the K to 12 program?
After considering various proposals and studies, the model that is currently being proposed by DepEd is the K-6-4-2 Model. This model involves Kindergarten, six years of elementary education, four years of junior high school (Grades 7 to 10) and two years of senior high school (Grades 11 to 12). The two years of senior high school intend to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies. Features of K 6-4-2
(1) Kindergarten and 12 years of quality basic education is a right of every Filipino, therefore they must be and will be provided by government and will be free. (2) Those who go through the 12 years cycle will get an elementary diploma (6 years), a junior high school diploma (4 years), and a senior high school diploma (2 years). (3) A full 12 years of basic...