CHAPTER 7 - FIELDCRAFT
Fieldcraft is the name given to the skill which enables a cadet to carry out a variety of military activities with maximum efficiency whilst moving across country by day and by night. The standard which a cadet achieves must partly depend on his ability in Skill at Arms and Use of Map and Compass.
Because of the limited time available for ACF training as a whole the basic military tactics in this chapter are confined to section level and they do not include defence or withdrawal. The exercises necessary to practise these tactics, if set at platoon or higher level, would be too time-consuming and too demanding in terms of numbers of supervisors to devise, organise and control, whilst being of no greater benefit to cadets in their efforts to achieve the aim of ACF training.
The dress for Fieldcraft lessons will always be uniform with web equipment for those done outside and usually for those done inside except when they are of a classroom nature, i.e. such lessons as Section 7—Introduction to Night Work.
SECTION 1 - PERSONAL CAMOUFLAGE AND CONCEALMENT
1.To demonstrate and practise personal camouflage and concealment.
2.Camouflage cream or burnt cork. Improvised camouflage materials such as sacking, foliage and grass. Signal flag and whistle.
a. Group several squads together for the demonstration, and use cadet NCOs as demonstrators.
b.Choose ground with all types of cover on it—hedgerow, wall, bushes, folds, banks, etc.
c.The demonstration, which must be rehearsed beforehand, should be arranged to illustrate situations such as those shown in the pictures in this Section. The wrong and the right way should be shown and cadets should be made to search the area to discover them.
d.It is possible to demonstrate and practise personal camouflage indoors but not the rest of the lesson.
5.You must know how to camouflage and conceal yourself or you will be easily seen.
LOOK ROUND OR THROUGH COVER, NOT OVER IT
DO NOT BREAK A STRAIGHT LINE
6. Explain and demonstrate—the tone and colour of your hands, neck and face and the shape, surface and silhouette of your pack, must not contrast with their backgrounds. To avoid these contrasts:
a.Put camouflage cream, mud, burnt cork, or something similar on your face, neck and hands; put on more for night work than for day. b.Tie string across your pack, and use it to hold foliage, etc to break up the pack's outline.
c.You may have to camouflage your weapon by binding scrim or hessian round shiny metal or wood parts; but be careful that none of it blocks your view over the sights.
CAMOUFLAGE FOR DAYLIGHT
7. Divide the cadets into pairs, and make each pair practise personal camouflage as master and pupil, while the NCOs move to their places for the next part of the demonstration.
S. Explain and demonstrate:
a.Look round or through cover, rather than over it; if you have to look over it, try not to break a straight line.
c.Use shadow, and remember that when you are in the sun, your own shadow is very conspicuous, and that shadows move with the sun. d.Choose a background to match your clothes.
e.Avoid isolated cover; the enemy is likely to watch it, and it is easy to give a fire control order on to it.
f. Try not to be seen going into or leaving cover.
g. Move stealthily.
USE OF SHADOW
USE OF SHADOW
AVOID A SKYLINE