Fidel Castro and the Cuban Revolution

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During Castro’s 30 year reign over Cuba his aims were to take immediate steps to solve the problems of the land, industrialization, housing, unemployment, education and the people’s health*. However, before determining the extent of his success in achieving those aims, they must all be assessed along with the underlying factors that may have prevented him from achieving those aims. Castro’s most valiant and probably only real lasting successes came from his health care policies and his strong push for educational reform and literacy improvement. Due to the policies implemented by Castro, by the mid 1970s, Cuba’s health care was number one in Latin America. A specific policy put in place by Castro forced doctors and medical residents to work or practice in rural Cuba for two years, which made it possible for rural residents- the majority of Cuba’s population- to receive adequate medical attention. This led to an increase in the life expectancy of Cuban citizen and also decreased the infant mortality rate. Regarding education, Castro believed it shouldn’t just be a privilege reserved for the wealthy and the elite. Before Castro took over government control, thirty percent of farmers couldn’t write their names and ninety-nine percent of them knew nothing of Cuba’s history.* In his efforts to dispel such an atrocity, Castro implemented several policies that would provide educational opportunities for all of Cuba. Under Castro’s policies, Cuban literacy was able to improve to ninety-nine percent in 1990, a major jump that now made Cuba the second most literate country in the world. With such great success in the health care and educational policies, Castro clearly achieved his aims regarding education and the people’s health. While Castro saw such remarkable success in his medical and educational aims, he wasn’t as successful in his political and economic aspects. While he was able to lower the unemployment rate in Cuba by permitting self-employment, it...
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