Topics: Neolithic, Human, Fertile Crescent Pages: 3 (1139 words) Published: May 1, 2013
Western Civilization Essay
The first two chapters of western civilization were really interesting. From my understanding, the historians mainly relied on documents to paint some type of picture of the past. There were no written records that existed for the prehistory of mankind. Nomads were the earliest form of human like people. They existed in Africa as long as three million years ago. The australopithecines were one of the first nomads to make simple tools. Homo erectus came on the scene around 1.5 million years ago. Homo erectus was the first nomads to leave the country of Africa and moved into the continents of Europe and Asia. 250,000 years ago, Homo sapiens which are the modern human beings emerged. Neanderthals was another type of nomads that was first found in the Neander Valley in Germany. They relied on a variety of stone tools and they were also the first early people to bury the dead. The Neanderthals was mainly extinct by 10,000 BC. The Homo sapiens was the only species left after the Neanderthals was extinct. The Paleolithic Age was when humans could first make tools from stones. Paleolithic meant Old stone in Greek. Paleolithic peoples had a close relationship with the world around them. They knew what animals to hunt and what plants to eat. These people didn’t know how to grow crops or raise animals. They lived in small groups that ranged from 20-30 people. They were considered nomadic because the moved whenever the animals would move. They also created the spear, the bow and arrow, harpoons and fish hooks to catch fishes. The Neolithic Revolution was at the end of the Ice age. There was a significant change in the living patterns that occurred during the New Stone Age. Instead of hunting animals and gathering plants, they started to produce food by planting grains and veggies that provided regular supply of food for them. This was called Systematic Agriculture. It was developed in 9000 to 7000 BC in four areas of the...
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