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  • Topic: Professor, Hostel, Privatdozent
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  • Published : April 10, 2013
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1.租房场景
这种题型,以前看人也介绍过,并且很详细,这里把他们总结在一起。 首先辨别是租房还是买房。For lease, for rent 出租与for sale 出卖 房子的类型有:公寓flat, apartment, 学生宿舍dormitory (dorm) , 学生旅店student hostel, 青年旅店youth hostel ,还有一种叫留宿当地居民家里homestay. 一般房子有的家电或设施有:

炉子stove, 冰箱fridge, 微波炉microwave oven, 洗衣机washing machine, 空调air-conditioner, 电风扇electric fan, 冷却器电暖炉radiator, 电炉electric stoves , 床上用品及其他物品有:
枕头pillow, 枕套和被单pillow case and bed linen, 被单被褥 sheet, 床垫mattress, 毯子blanket, towel手巾毛巾, 窗帘curtain,地毯carpet 房子位置:Road(Rd.), Street(St.), lane小路\巷, Avenue 大道 门厅的叫法:hall, lobby, porch 阳台balcony,睡房bedroom, 厨房kitchen, 租房的规律为:

离市中心越近,房价越高,位置稍偏,价钱会比较有吸引力;但便宜的房子一般有不理想的地方: not near the center, not near the railway station, far from the bus stop, near the airport, noisy, shared kitchen, insects, a stranger in the next bed, have no privacy, have to prepare some repellant令人厌烦 ,insects haunting. 闹昆虫 电话询问看房子常用语:

Is it available now? when will it be available?.(audiy.com)
Is there a telephone? How far is it from…….? Is it furnished? What is the rental price? How is it cooled /heated?
Furnished:意为配备了家具。

2.课外研究场景.
主要是在课外研究一些小的项目,小的调查研究,包括对学校里各个地方,食品(咖啡,小吃)等的价格的比较,这些看似不屑一顾的东西,个人认为,这也是与文化背景有关系的,外国人注重人的实践能力,从小培训。听时特别关注的是人名,并注意先判断男女,以及各自的观点。 素食者vegetarian,馅饼pie,布丁果冻pudding,汤soup, 咖啡coffee, 炸鱼和土豆片fish and chips, 油腻的greasy 有时候让受访者谈论value for money, 看值不值得花这个钱,又或者谈论某计划应否开展。 表支持的,同意的:

That’s great!/ That would be of great help./Why not?
It’s of great benefit./ It would be your best guide.
不同意的:
I don’t see any reason for that./I wouldn’t recommend it. To be frank, avoid them./ Why? /Why’s that?

3.度假场景
度假地的选择,交通工具的选择,住处的选择(这部分与租房类似) make a reservation预定 confirm a reservation确认预定 book a room/table 预订房间/饭桌 cancel one's reservation取消预定 first come, first serve先到先服务原则(即不设预订服务) one-way ticket单程票 round-trip ticket往返票

飞机里面的:VIP/first class头等舱 business class商务舱 economy class经济舱 Express way 高速公路,express train 高速列车

4.付帐
check(美国)cheque(英)
A.T.M自动取款机 cashier收银员
loan贷款 draw/withdraw money提款
give the money in fives/tens换成五元或十元面额
pin number/password/code密码 credit card信用卡
open a student account.开个学生帐户
check the present balance in my account. 查询我帐户余额 apply for a personal loan. 申请个人贷款
change pounds into dollars 把英镑兑换.成美元
the current rate 汇率

5.个人健康场景
headache, got a headache, avoid smoky , vitamins,
maintaining a healthy lifestyle, diet,
try to avoid sugar, salt, butter not too much milk lean meat, fish, nuts eggs, need lots of bread, vegetables and fruit.
看病场景
考点:健康检查 病症状况表现 医生诊断结果 治疗方案 相关建议 clinic诊所 surgeon外科医生
physician/internist内科医生 oculist/eye doctor眼科医生 dentist牙医 mental hospital精神病医院
vet兽医 psychiatrist/shrink心理医生
symptom症状 flu流感
have/catch a cold感冒 have a sore throat嗓子痛
have a stomachache胃痛 have a fever发烧
have a cough咳嗽 have a headache头痛
have a toothache牙痛
feel dizzy头晕 feel chilly觉得发冷
vomit/throw up/nauseate呕吐
pills药丸 eyedrops眼药水
vitamin维他命 tablet药片
medication药物 injection注射
cold cure感冒药 take one's temperature量体温
see a doctor看病 send for a doctor请医生
feel one's pulse量脉搏 take one's blood pressure量血压 have an operation 动手术 make an appointment预约

6.教学场景
(一)、指路/指示方向
十个方位词――right, left, in front of, behind, rear, next to, at the end of, cross road to, opposite to, the one after .这些词是听方位的关键词汇,掌握它们对于做地图题至关重要。 be far from 距离某处很远 be nearby 距离某处很近 go straight across/to/through 径直走过/向/过

go up/down 向上(北)/向下(南) go back/back/back up 向回走 go east/west/south/north 向东/南/西/北
go on/along…till you meet… 沿…一直走/直到…
be on sb’s left/right 在某人的左边/右边
be the first/second/third from the left/right 从左/右数第一/二/三个 directly opposite 和…相对
be located behind/in front of 坐落在…的前面/后面 be on the corner of A street and B street 在A和B街交汇的拐角处 be in the corner of 在…的角落里
ground floor (英)首层 wing 配楼/建筑的一部分
annex 配楼/建筑的附属建筑 basement 地下室/第一层 twin building 由两个完全相同的部分构成的建筑 landmark 标志性的建筑
block/complex 由若干个建筑构成的建筑群/街区
stair 楼梯 step 台阶 aisle 过道
wheel chair access 无台阶的/残疾人用
intersection/crossroad 十字路口
a fork on the road 分叉路口 a T road 丁字路口...
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