Feudalism and Land

Topics: Feudalism, Vassal, Lord Pages: 4 (1633 words) Published: February 21, 2013
Feudalism was thought to be created by the fall of the Roman Empire in the fifth century. Because vast amounts of land were left unclaimed. Many rulers rose to claim this land as their own. In 1066 William the conqueror, leader of the Normans was the first ruler to use feudalism as a system of class, governmental and military workings in medieval Europe. Following the defeat of the English anglo-saxons at the Battle of Hastings. William the Conqueror became the first King of England. King William I, was one of the most powerful leaders of that time. He kept his land strong with this concept and it began to be spread to other kingdoms. This governmental system of feudalism used in medieval times gave rulers structure in terms of governmental and military concepts. William was crowned on Christmas Day 1066 in Westminster Abbey. Three months later, he returned to Normandy leaving two people (one of whom was his half-brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux) behind to administer the kingdom. However, it took William six years to because of military conquests, and even then he had to face constant plotting and fighting in England. In 1068, King Harold's sons ( King Harold was was the King that King william defeat at the battle of Hastings to claim the throne of England) raided the south-west coast of England (dealt with by William's local commanders), and there were uprisings in other parts all over England William appointed earls who, in Wales and in all parts of the kingdom, undertook to guard the threatened frontiers and maintain internal security in return for land. This started as the beginning of feudalism. Because King William was away in Normandy he had no way to protect England himself, he had people help protect his kingdom in England in return for certain amounts of land. In order to be given land, a lord must make the person he wants to give the land to, a vassal. To obtain the land, there was a ceremony of homage in which the oath of...
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