Fertility Control

Human overpopulation, Family planning, Poverty

“Fertility control is the key to the development of less developed countries like those of the Caribbean”. Critically assess the above statement in relation to any two named countries.

To begin, firstly fertility or fertility rate must first be understood. Fertility rate is “the actual level of childbearing of an individual or population.” (Oxford Dictionary of Sociology, pg. 254). Fertility control is seen as a method which “ensures development by limiting the quantity of natural, financial and other resources to be spent on the economically inactive.” (Sociology for Caribbean Studies, pg. 321). Demographers believe the concept that in each country there is an ‘optimum population’ in which there are sufficient resources in which to sustain the present population. Once the population has surpassed the level of resources available, Malthusian’s view this as overpopulation, not the ideal population for that specific country. This has led demographers to say that by regulating the population, by curbing the population via certain checks, such as positive checks, the system of fertility control can be used to limit the growth of the population. This ensures that a majority of a certain country’s population does not pass that optimum population level and that the larger portion of the population is of the working age and are those persons who are employed and able to contribute to their society. Thus demographers believe that fertility control will prompt a societal and financial progress within a country’s population allowing development of a country to be attainable. Also to be understood is what exactly a developing and less developed country is. A developing country is “a poor agricultural country that is seeking to become more advanced economically and socially.” (Oxford Dictionaries.com), or “a non-industrialized, poor country that is seeking to develop its resources by industrialization” (freedictionaries.com). A less developed country can be...
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