Fertile Crescent

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The Fertile Crescent

The Fertile Crescent was the first area to develop agriculture. It was the first to harness the power of agriculture because of geographic luck. Geographic luck is the fact that where a civilization was on the earth relates to how well the civilization did in becoming a supreme power on the earth. If the civilization was started near a place heavy with crops highly nutritious, then it did well. If it did not have nutritious crops, then it did not do as well as some other civilizations. Geography also related to what animals they domesticated.

In Jared Diamond’s book, he describes the fact that a civilization’s power originates from the fact that it had writing, guns, germs, and/or steel. The fact that civilizations had these things all depended on their being geographically lucky. Although the Fertile Crescent was the first to develop agriculture and developed guns, germs, and steel they still couldn’t compare to the power of Europeans in the 17th century. This paper shows how the Fertile Crescent was geographically lucky and how they developed guns, germs, and steel. It will also show how middle-eastern civilizations lost their jumpstart onto the path to being the largest power in the world.

The Fertile Crescent is an area between the Mediterranean Sea, the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf. The climate in the Fertile Crescent is mostly dry, but is near bodies of water. The Fertile Crescent is also near a lot of mountainous regions. That is where the crops of wheat first started to show up. The Fertile Crescent was blessed with many wild wheat plants, which thrived in this climate. The geography of the Fertile Crescent led to many advantages for them.

The climate was perfect for growing wheat and the animals around them they were able to domesticate were sheep, goats, and cattle. Cattle were the most advantageous animals ever domesticated; every part of it can be used. The Fertile Crescent had one important independently...
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