Ferdinand Magellan

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  • Topic: Ferdinand Magellan, Pacific Ocean, Strait of Magellan
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  • Published : December 3, 2012
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Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan was born in about 1480 as a member of the Portuguese nobility and grew up in the home of the Portuguese Queen. Magellan sailed with Portuguese fleets on multiple voyages to the East Indies. Magellan’s first sail was in 1505 when he sailed around the Cape of Good Hope. After sailing around the Cape of Good Hope, he now knew where to locate spices. Due to the expedition, he also knew where the spices were located according to the line of demarcation established by the Pope.

After being accused of corruption, King Manoel II refused to reward Magellan for his services upon returning from his expedition around the Cape of Good Hope. Because the king refused, Magellan decided to move to Spain. His plan was to suggest to King Charles V to organize an expedition to sail to East Asia by sailing around the southern tip of South America. He insisted that he would find spices on the way there and after much negotiation he was allowed to explore. Magellan was given the rights to any lands that they discovered and ten years to trade along the routes that they pioneered. It took Magellan a year for the expedition to be equipped for the journey and staffed. The expedition took five ships and a crew of 560 men and two years worth of supplies.

On September 8, 1519, the fleet left the city of Seville and set out to sea on September 20, 1519. Magellan led three of four ships through a strait at the southern tip of South America and into the Pacific Ocean. That strait today is known as the Strait of Magellan. The captain of the fourth ship discarded orders and turned around and left to go home. Magellan and the remains of his fleet headed north to Guam, later landing at Cebu. There, Magellan took sides during a local war and the decision cost him his life on April 27, 1521. The voyage of Magellan finally ended when one of the original five ships completed the circumnavigation more than a year later. The ship was called Victoria and...
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