Topics: Feminism, Feminist theory, Sociology Pages: 72 (2775 words) Published: December 4, 2014
Feminist Theory
Melanie Lord, Anthony Greiter
& Zuflo Tursunovic

• Belief in the social, political, and
economic equality of the sexes.
• The movement organized around
this belief.

• Feminist Theory is an outgrowth of
the general movement to empower
women worldwide.
• Feminism can be defined as a
recognition and critique of male
supremacy combined with efforts
to change it.

• The goals of feminism are:
• To demonstrate the importance of
• To reveal that historically women
have been subordinate to men
• To bring about gender equity.

• Simply put:
Feminists fight for the equality of
women and argue that women
should share equally in society’s
opportunities and scare resources.

• You tube video
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?

• The origins of the feminist
movement are found in the
abolitionist movement of the
• Seneca Falls, New York is said to be
the birthplace of American

• Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia
Mott spearheaded the first Women’s
Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, NY in
• The convention brought in more than
300 people.
• The discussion was focused on the
social, civil, and religious condition of

• The convention lead to the
Declaration of Sentiments.
• Modeled after the Declaration of
• All men and women created equal.
• Spoke of the supremacy of man in
regards to divorce and education

• The convention marked a 22 year
battle to gain women the right to
vote in the United States.
• In 1920 women won the right to

• In Germany the feminists were
fighting for the right of women to
engage in sexual relations
regardless of marital and legal
• Marianne Weber (the wife of Max
Weber) was a feminist

• Weber thought that women should
be treated equally in the social
institution of marriage, along with
all the other social institutions.
• She made it clear that marriage
was between a man and a woman

• The contemporary feminism movement
began in the 1960’s.
• Free love helped escape the sexual double
• Divorce became commonplace
• Women were “happy housewives” no more
• Higher level employment and fulfillment
outside the home were becoming the norm

Liberal Feminism
• All people are created equal and
should not be denied equality of
opportunity because of gender
• Liberal Feminists focus their efforts
on social change through the
construction of legislation and
regulation of employment practices

Liberal Feminism
• Inequality stems from the denial of
equal rights.
• The primary obstacle to equality is

Marxist Feminism
• Division of labor is related to
gender role expectations.
• Females give birth. Males left to
support family
• Bourgeoisie=Men
• Proletariat=Women

Radical Feminism
• Male power and privilege is the
basis of social relations
• Sexism is the ultimate tool used by
men to keep women oppressed

Radical Feminism
• Women are the first oppressed
• Women's oppression is the most
• Women’s oppression is the deepest

Radical Feminism
• Women’s oppression causes the
most suffering
• Women’s oppression provides a
conceptual model for
understanding all other forms of

Radical Feminism
• Men control the norms of
acceptable sexual behavior
• Refusing to reproduce is the most
effective way to escape the snares
• Speak out against all social
structures because they are
created by men

Socialist Feminism
• Views women’s oppression as stemming
from their work in the family and the
• Women’s inferior position is the result of
class-based capitalism
• Socialist believe that history can be
made in the private sphere (home) not
just the public sphere (work)

Socialist Feminism
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