Feminism: Psychology and Cognitive Development Theory

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Compare and contrast social learning theory, cognitive development theory, and, feminist approaches to gender-role learning. The social learning theory approaches gender-role learning as a mirrored image.The Social learning theory emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Cognitive development theory proposes that individuals learn gender by interacting with others and interpreting the behavior of others. Feminists disagree with both of these theories and argue instead that individuals learn gender through gender scripts that are reinforced by parents. Social learning theory proposes that individuals learn gender through positive reinforcement. You are rewarded when you act accordingly. You are punished when you do not act accordingly. Cognitive development theory proposes that individuals learn gender by interacting with others and interpreting the behavior of others. Feminists disagree with both of these theories and argue instead that individuals learn gender through gender scripts that are reinforced by parents.

Feminism has a great impact on the gender role in our society. Feminists have been fighting for a long time for power and control in this man’s world. Our family structure creates a great impact on women’s behavior in society, family life and the labor force.

Identify a woman in a position of power or leadership (ex. Hillary Clinton, Oprah Winfrey, etc.). Using concepts from Chapter Five, describe how this person’s role fits with traditional views of gender roles. What types of role conflict and role strain might this person experience? I will use Oprah Winfrey as a woman of power.

Compare and contrast gender roles between high-rank, middle-rank, low-rank, and bottom 10 countries. Gender roles are a set of social and behavioral norms that are considered to be socially appropriate for a specific sex in the context of a specific culture.
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