Waiting for Godot and Theater of Absurd
Modern age starts from 1900 to 1999AD. The most important events in this age were the world war I & II. As a result of these wars there were a lots of social, political, economic and literary changes in this age. In literature, there is a new terms occurred. Theater of Absurd is one of the literary terms which occurred in that century. The world wars effect on the play writers which make them think of new topic for theater. As a reaction of the second world war theater of absurd comes. The word ABSURD means having no rational or orderly relationship to human life (online dictionary). THEATER OF ABSURD is a new style of theater based on mixture between dramatic elements and existential philosophy to present the word ABSURD (theater of the absurd¹). The term itself was drafted by Martin Esslin in his book which have the same name Theater of Absurd published in 1965. He said in the introduction of his book “The Theatre of the Absurd attacks the comfortable certainties of religious or political orthodoxy. It aims to shock its audience out of complacency, to bring it face to face with the harsh facts of the human situation as these writers see it. But the challenge behind this message is anything but one of despair. It is a challenge to accept the human condition as it is, in all its mystery and absurdity, and to bear it with dignity, nobly, responsibly; precisely because there are no easy solutions to the mysteries of existence, because ultimately man is alone in a meaningless world. The shedding of easy solutions, of comforting illusions, may be painful, but it leaves behind it a sense of freedom and relief. And that is why, in the last resort, the Theatre of the Absurd does not provoke tears of despair but the laughter of liberation” (Martin Esslin quotes) . Some of the characteristics for theater of absurd that it is in this theater there isn’t conflict , plot, meaning, the ideas are illogical and...
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