TOPIC: FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS.
THESIS: Problems caused by female genital mutilation include problems going to the bathroom, not being able to have sex normally, problems with gynaecological health, sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy and delivery problems, and psychological and emotional stress and it can be curb by community meetings, education, substitute rituals, changing attitudes, and law enforcement.
For sometimes now, much concern has been expressed by eminent citizens on the appalling rate of female genital mutilation in the Africa continent. The terms female genital mutilation (FGM) is describe the cultural practice of partially or totally removing the external female genitalia. The minor form of FGM is when the clitoris is removed. The most severe form of FGM is when all external genitalia are removed and the vaginal opening is stitched nearly closed. Only a small opening is left for urine and menstrual blood. There are many reasons FGM is practiced, including social, economic, and political reasons. Those who support FGM believe that it will empower their daughters, ensure the girls get married, and protect the family’s good name. In some groups, FGM is performed to show a girl’s growth into womanhood and, as in the Masai community, marks the start of a girl’s sexual debut. It is performed to keep a woman’s virginity by limiting her sexual behaviour. FGM is believed by those who practice it, to stop a woman’s sexual desire. In some groups, women who are not cut are viewed as dirty and are treated badly. While FGM pre-dates both Christianity and Islam, religion is also used to promote the practice. Some communities believe that in order to be good Muslims, parents must have their daughters cut (Morgan 1997). There are also many superstitions about FGM, such as the clitoris will continue to grow as a girl gets older and so it must be removed....
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