Female Genital Mutilation

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Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is the cutting of part or all of the female genitalia, the skin is then sewn together leaving a small hole the size of a pencil for urine and menstrual blood. This dangerous procedure is practiced mostly in 30 countries in Africa, also some parts of Indonesia and Malaysia (Gilbert). These culture groups believe that Female Genital Mutilation will purify the girls, keeping them from having sexual intercourse before marriage. Functionalism can best be used to describe Female Genital Mutilation due to the role each group plays in their society. Functionalism is “a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as composed of various parts, each with a function that, when fulfilled, contributes to society’s equilibrium” (Henslin 366). This practice works in a pattern or function that generally begins with the elder women within the culture. Within the cultures that practice FGM, there are different groups of people that contribute. First off, FGM is highly encouraged by the grandmothers and mothers of the daughters being mutilated. They are usually the head to the beast since they want to keep there daughters/nieces/etc. pure until marriage. The decision to undergo the FGM process does not come from the girl herself but from their guardian or women in charge. This works alongside the family and in some cases tribes; this highly unsanitary, illegal, and unorthodox act is generally accepted and encouraged within the community. This function of the whole is also an important one; since it is acceptable in a lot of the tribes that puts a hinder on the effort to stop it. Lastly any officials in these societies are also a contributor because they aren’t doing anything to stop it from happening. All of these groups are different but work together to make this practice widely accepted and common. To label the Americans views on FGM as ethnocentrism isn’t completely accurate, but the intervention to discourage this practice...
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