Contemporary Indian society professes a profound faith in every individual’s “right to life and dignity”. The rights relating to the weaker & vulnerable sections of Indian society especially women, and more specially the girl child were violated. The twin social evils of female foeticide & female infanticide were the main causes.Violence against women exists in various forms, in all societies, the world over. In 1996 the world health assembly endorsed the fact that violence against women is a Public Health problem and female foeticide is one extreme manifestation of violence against women. India is a country of 102.7 crore population, out of which 53.1 crores is of males and 49.6 crores is of females, clearly indicating a deficit of 3.5 crore women. The sex ratio is 933 women /1000 men and child sex ratio is 927 girls for 1000 boys (census of India,2001). The demographic profile of India clearly indicating the profoundness and wide spread prevalence of this social evil i.e. female foeticide. In Jaipur itself 3500 female foeticide per year on average seen and where killing is no sin.
Female foeticide: It is defined as aborting a female foetus after sex determination test or pre natal diagnostic test which includes:- •
Placental tissue sampling
Female Infanticide:-Infanticide is the practice of intentionally killing of infant. Therefore female infanticide is the inhuman killing of the baby girl after she is born. In the absence of genetic testing, infanticide was the only inhumane option for discarding the female child. CAUSES
EVIL OF DOWRY:- The exorbitant dowry demand is one of the main reason for female foeticide. A girl means accumulation of sufficient resourses for the dowry the parent have to give away, when the girls get married. As a matter of prestige too, more money and material goods are asked in dowry. So the girl is seen as a financial burden on the family right from the birth. Couple adopt evil, thinking it is better to spend Rs 500 now than Rs5 lakhs (in dowry Later). 2)
Social Security:- social security is another reason for strong male preference and consequent elimination of the female. It is believed that males are bread winners of the family and they will look after parents in old age. 3)
Patriarchal society:- the social, cultural and religious fibre of India is predominantly Patriarchal contributing extensively to the secondary status of women. The patrilineal social structure based on the foundation that the family runs through a male and it is only the son who can perform the last rites, lineage and inheritance runs through the male line. 4)
Cultural factors:-Many cultural beliefs are present in our Indian society encouraging this social evil. 5)
Illiteracy and poverty:- In India socio-economic background has been the villain behind the tragic female foeticide. Certain communities want to get rid of female child compelled by the circumstances of dehumanizing poverty, unemployment superstition and literacy. 6)
Small family norm:- Faced with social burdens rarely any one prefers to have more children. One or two is the norm of the day. For continuance of ones property and gene the need of an heir, a son becomes necessary. 7)
Development of Technology and Easy Access to these Technology:- The recent technological developments in medical practice combined with a vigorous pursuit of growth of the private health sector have led to the mushrooming of a variety of sex-selective services. This has happened not only in urban areas but deep within rural countryside also. People have an easy access to these technologies within there economic reach. 8)
Ineffectiveness of Law:- In India, the policy environment is supportive of the reproductive choices of women and men. The medical termination of pregnancy act is legal and it allows for induced abortions where pregnancy carries grave injury to women’s health. A...
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