Day by day women population as compared to men is decreasing. If the current trend continues, the day is not far when men will find difficult to find partners for marriage. Recently, a movie “Matribhumi’ presented the worst consequence of decreasing women population. The only reason for decreasing women population is killing of girl foetus before birth. Owing to the advancement of science and technology and subsequent development of ultrasonic technique, it is very easy to know the sex of the foetus within few months of its formation, so that couples who do not want to have girl child abort the fetus. In other words, they get their child murdered in the womb. Although girl foeticide is illegal in India and culprits can get several years of punishment, it is very difficult to prove it. The two parties, the doctor and the couple, involved in the crime find it mutually beneficial. None of them complain and realize that it is a very heinous crime even more heinous than “murder because it can create imbalance in nature, it has potential to destroy humanity”. Female Foeticide is thus, the act of aborting a foetus because it is female. This is a major social problem not only in India but the entire world. Foetal sex determination and sex selective abortion by medical professionals has today grown into a Rs. 1,000 crore industry. Social discrimination against women and a preference for sons have promoted. According to the decennial Indian census, the sex ratio in the 0-6 age group in India went from 104.0 males per 100 females in 1981, to 105.8 in 1991, to 107.8 in 2001, to 109.4 in 2011. The ratio is significantly higher in certain states such as Punjab and Haryana (126.1 and 122.0, as of 2001). It estimated that more than ten million female foetuses have been illegally aborted in India. Researchers for the Lancet journal based in Canada and India stated that 5, 00,000 girls were being lost annually through sex selective abortions. Origin
This process began in the early 1990’s when ultrasound techniques gained widespread use in India. There was a tendency for families to continuously produce children until a male child was born. The Government initially supported the practice in order to control population growth.The Preconception and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act was passed in 1994, making sex-selective abortion illegal. It was then modified in 2003 holding medical professionals legally responsible. However the PCPNDT Act has been poorly enforced by authorities. .
It is defined as aborting a female foetus after sex determination test or pre natal diagnostic test which includes:- • Ultra-sonography
• Placental tissue sampling
Female Infanticide:-Infanticide is the practice of intentionally killing of infant. Therefore female infanticide is the inhuman killing of the baby girl after she is born. In the absence of genetic testing, infanticide was the only inhumane option for discarding the female child. Female Foeticide: Need to change the mindset of people
One of the greatest threats to our contemporary civilization is the menace of skewed sex ratio. The increasing imbalance between men and women is leading to many crimes such as illegal trafficking of women, sexual assaults, polygamy and dehumanization of society. These acts have been increasing making this world unsafe for women. Female foeticide is one of the most nefarious crimes on this earth; perhaps what is detestable is that the people who commit crime belong to the educated class. To this menace our ancestral and biased view about male child, lack of education, ever increasing population and dowry have been good propellants. Some measures and their enforcement have to happen immediately. The ineffectiveness of the Pre-Natal Diagnostics Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act is very much evident. Hence there needs to be quick reformation in the attitude...
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