QNo1:1a: The volcanic eruption results in the loss of people’s life and home making their families helpless and homeless. Sometimes it destroys the village under the ash or lava.
1b: On the 24th August in the year AD 79, the people of Pompeii were going about their business in the usual way. Suddenly it grew dark a great was leaving the top of mountain. The people of Pompeii started to run out of the town, but more than 2000 of them didn’t get for. Stones and cinders began to fall on the town and the town was completely buried.
1c: The importance of Pompeii today is that the Italian government has very carefully cleared away the volcanic matter to uncover public buildings, private houses, shops and market places. We can see where people lived and how they live and can make a picture depicting of their culture. From the body of a Roman soldier which was found by the archaeologist we can, today, understand the people of that time and the things they possessed at that time.
1d: The people who have been living near volcanoes know the merits of the soil formed by the condensation of the matter erupted by the volcanoes, how fertile that is.
1e: Tristan da Cunha was a living island which had erupted many time and forced people to leave their places. The volcano was dormant.
QNo3: (i) Erupting – suddenly coming out of something – volcano has started erupting. (ii) Cinders – a piece of material that is left after something such as wood or coal has burned – the ash is occupied from cinders. (iii) Extinct – a volcano that is unlikely to erupt – extinction is a fact of living. (iv) Dormant – something that is not active – the volcanoes after losing capability of Eruption become dormant.
(v) Lava – a kind of rock which comes out of volcano in the form of a very hot liquid - lava after cooling becomes solid rocks.