Federal versus State Policy Comparison
The United States of America is comprised of 50 states and 14 territories. Although many of the territories are un-inhabited nor are claimed by a specific state, the territories share a common need, they rely on the US for defense, social and economic support . There are also other lands that are considered to be US territories by virtue of having established a military base within a host country. The focus of this paper is to compare and contrast the differences and similarities of federal and state government and how it pertains to their role in the implementation of criminal justice policy. The issue in regard to policy development and implementation of laws will also be addressed. Growing up in America, we as students were taught that the federal government was in charged with running the country. Issues that pertained to International affairs, defense and money where just a few examples of the many responsibilities that the federal government managed. However the role that each state played in relation to the federal government was not always explained let alone addressed. The role that each state has is similar to that of the federal government, however the laws are created from within the state and may not always coincide with that of federal laws. In short, each state is governed by two sets of laws that all citizens must abide by. The United States Constitution is the cornerstone by which the United States governs itself. The Constitution framework provides the federal government superior authority over the states as previously mentioned in regard to matters of defense, foreign affairs and currency. According to "Federal Criminal Lawyer" (2013), "The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution makes the Bill of Rights applicable to each of the states. Federal law governs such things as legislation passed by the U.S. Congress, executive orders of the President, and...
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