A Case Study of Iraqi Kurdistan Region Since 2004
University of Kurdistan-Hawler
Background to the Study
According to the Westphalia system in 1684, the nation states or sovereign states are the only actors in the international relations which can establish relation with other states, conduct foreign policy and practice diplomacy. Keating argues that recent years have seen an increasing involvement of regional government's in international arena. The reason behind this is the changes at the level of sates, changes in international system and in political and economic developments within regions themselves. The distinctions between domestic and foreign affairs are eroded and the division of responsibilities between states and Subnational governments are transformed by the globalization process and the emergence of the transnational regimes, especially regional trading areas. Subnational government's involvement in international affairs have three main dimensions which are economic, cultural and political (Keating, 1999, p.p.1-3). According to Duchacek Federated entities are one of those non sovereign actors which engage in international affairs. Territorial components of federal systems have been increasingly asserting their international competence. They involved in foreign affairs in the areas of foreign investment, trade promotion, environmental and energy issues, cultural exchanges, human and labor rights and tourism. There are many federal regions which try to project their welfare and desires to the international scene. Despite of having conflicts between regions and federal authorities, the regions could to huge extend play an active role in international relations. The amount of regions autonomy to conduct foreign policy is differ from one state to another and depends on their constitutions. There are many examples of those federal...