This paper is considered an important document in American history for it lays out how the writers of the constitution defined the form of government that would protect minority rights from organized and united factions that intended to pass legislation injurious to the liberty of the minority or detrimental to the good of the country.
The Federalist Papers, were a series of eighty five essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison between October 1787 and May 1788. The essays were published anonymously, under the pen name "Publius," primarily in two New York state newspapers of the time: The New York Packet and The Independent Journal.
This essay, the first of James Madison's contributions to the article in The Federalist was a rather long development of the theme that a well-constructed union would break and control the violence of faction, a "dangerous vice" in popular governments. Faction meaning a party or group (as within a government) that is often contentious or self-seeking they frequently work against the public interest, and infringe upon the rights of others Or as he puts it in his document a number of citizens whether amounting to a minority or majority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or interest, advertise to the right of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregated interest of the community. Given the nature of man, factions are inevitable. A lot of people were saying the United States is too big to be controlled by a Democratic-Republican government because of faction. It states “our government is too unstable, that the public good is disregarded in the conflict of rival parties” While Madison acknowledged that there were many differing factions, he also indicated that a democratic form of government, using the ideal of majority rule, would tame the factions and cause them to work together as much as possible. He claimed that the republican form of government created by the new Constitution would allow all the factions the room and venues to express themselves and to influence the workings of government by getting their members elected and/or appointed to offices. Minority groups would be protected because the factions would have to negotiate their differences. In this way, the republic would create a system of government in which the majority would rule but the ideas of the minority would have to be taken into consideration. Numerous factions would also mean that no one group would be able to take complete control of the government and this would give rise to what Madison called "politics," namely, the art of governing
He [James Madison] says there are two ways or methods of “curing the mischiefs of faction”: one by removing its causes; in other words by destroying the liberty which is essential to its existence. "liberty is to faction what air is to fire" but it is impossible to perform because liberty is essential to political life and is what Americans have fought for during the revolutionary war. The other being by controlling its effect or in other words by giving to every citizen the same opinions, the same passions, and the same interest. I personally believe the first solution is ridiculous and the second solution is to be impossible... The first solution would completely destroy our country if in place taking away all liberty then what would we have left? Shortly not a good government or government of any kind or one worthy of having so what would be the point in that? Now the second resolution is just plain improbable, you can't get every, over 2 million people in America to all agree on the same thing for everything. What makes a person a person is there differences of ideas, feelings, thoughts, interest. If everyone was the same we would just be drowns, Robots programed to all think the same, do the same, be the same and no one wants that...
Madison states "The latent causes of...
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