What is federalism you might ask? The concept of federalism was created when the Framers began to develop the Constitution of the United States. This form of government was derived as a compromise of power between the states and the federal government. The goal of federalism is to preserve personal liberty by separating the powers of the government so that one government or group may not dominate all powers. Federalism divides the powers of government between national and state government. Also, federalism is a system based upon democratic rules and institutions in which the power to govern is shared between national and state governments, creating what is called a federation. The national government will govern issues that affect the entire county where as the smaller subdivisions will govern the issues of the local community. Both of these systems of government have the power to make laws and have a certain amount of freedom from one another. The U.S does have a federal system of govern that contains these two national governments and the government of individual states.
A federal government is the common government of a federation. The national Constitution is "the supreme law of the land." In the U.S. constitution it states that the federal government has the issues over national concern. Even though the federal government has the power to give laws governing the whole country, the powers are limited by only having the specific powers in which the constitution will allow. Any action by the federal government must fall within one of the powers allowed in the Constitution. Under the Constitution, powers reserved to the national government include print money, declare war, establish an army and navy, enter into treaties with foreign governments, regulate commerce between states and international trade, establish post offices and issue postage and make laws necessary to enforce the Constitution. For example, Article I, Section 8 of the...
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