Have you ever felt that someone had power over you? Well thats basically like tyranny. In 1777 , the continental congress adopted a set of laws called the articles of Confederation, but they were ineffective. In may of 1787, 55 delegates in Philadelphia went to fix the problem, being that the government was too weak. But they didn’t want to make it too strong that the government could become a tyranny. Tyranny is when a harsh, absolute power lies in one person who acts like a dictator. The constitution guarded against tyranny with federalism, checks and balances, separation of power, and big states v.s. small states.
The first guard against tyranny was federalism, the division of power between central and state government. for example in document A, state and central governments have separate powers, providing “double security” to the people. The states set up local governments, hold elections, establish schools, pass marriage and divorce laws, regulate in state business. While the central government has the power to regulate trade, control foreign relations, provide and army and navy, declare war, print money, seto uop post offices, and make immigration laws. Furthermore, the central and state governments share power in creating the taxes, borrowing money, setting up court, making laws, and enforcing laws. But no government has complete power over another. Federalism protects against tyranny because it gives power to both the central government and state governments.
The second guard against tyranny was separation of powers, the constitutional division of powers within the federal government among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. in document B, the different hobs of the laws are divided among the legislative branch “makes the law”, the executive branch “carries out the law”, and the judicial branch “interprets the law”. The government can become a tyranny when it has too much power. So to avoid that, each branch has a power...
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