Federalism is a system of government that divides power between a national government and a regional government with the use of a constitution. Throughout the United States history, federalism has played a significant role in the constitution and the system of government adopted by the United States of America. Federalism has also changed throughout the course of America's history to fit the constitution and the government.
Montesquieu was a French philosopher who was very important in the American constitutional thought. He was a strong defender of the separation of powers; and believed that power should be used to balance power in the effort to protect the nation against tyranny. He was a man who was referred to more that any other theoretical writer and wrote, "The Spirit of the Laws." Some of Montesquie's theories or views were that the Republic form of government was only possible in small societies, a federal republic is where several societies, form to make a more new and enlarged society, and he believed the cure for internal strife within a country is commerce because it cures destructive prejudices and keeps people aware of their interdependence for comfort and security. Montesquieu's greatest influence on the American constitution is his doctrines of separation of powers.
In Montesquieu's doctrines, he discusses the three distinctive branches of government. The actual people in each of the branches should develop distinct ways of governing which will provide groups in society some form of accommodation in the government's decision-making roles. Checks and Balances is another theory of Montisquieu. Which is a system where one branch of government has some form of power over the other two branches. "Montisquieu was one of the most important theorists and was referred to by James Madison as the "oracle who is always consulted and cited."
David Hume was another philosopher and historian who are very important in government.... [continues]
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