CJA/463 – Criminal Justice Policy Analysis
University of Phoenix
October 3, 2011
Federal vs. State Policy Comparison
The United States Constitution is known for the Supreme law of the land in the United States, which creates a federal power system of government and shared between the state and federal governments (United States Court, 2011). Federal and state policies are both put into place to help protect business and individuals from harm. This policy comparison will provide information on the policies of the Federal and state governments, such as the similarities, differences, and implications for the criminal justice system as well as the potential effectiveness and limitations.
Federal law enforcement agencies work with certain crimes. Three known agencies are the FBI also known as the Federal Bureau of Investigations, the United States Marshal, and United States Border Patrol (Gil, 2009). The FBI is responsible for major criminal investigations such as counterterrorism, cybercrime, organized crime, and major violent crimes. The United States Marshals are responsible for protecting federal judges and courts, fugitives, transporting high-risk prisoners, and protecting witnesses. Last, the Border Patrol prevent from illegal entry of aliens and lawful travel and trade (Gil, 2009). State and federal law enforcement go by the same rules. The only differences are that the agencies have jurisdictions, staffing, and operations of its own.
The federal court government has its own court system. Federal courts only hear cases that violates the United States Constitution or federal laws and case that involves bankruptcy, copyright, patent, and maritime law cases (Find Law, 2011). As stated in the readings, “federal courts may hear cases concerning state laws if the issue is whether the state law violates the federal Constitution” (Find Law, 2011, p. 1). According to the information on state...