Feasibility Paper

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  • Topic: Anaerobic digestion, Biogas, Energy
  • Pages : 37 (9984 words )
  • Download(s) : 122
  • Published : March 15, 2007
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Feasibility Report
of a
Cooperative Dairy
Manure Management
Project in
St. Albans/Swanton, VT
The Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Foods, & Markets
And The
Economic Development Council of Northern Vermont
Developed by:
Spencer Bennett, MS
P.O. Box 517,
Henniker, NH 03242
603-428-3851
Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food, and Markets
Cooperative Manure Management Report for St. Albans/Swanton, VT Page 2
Foreword:
We find this to be an exciting project with significant potential and wish to express our thanks to Spencer Bennett and all those who helped make this report possible. With apologies to any we may miss we wish to thank the following:

The farmers of the St. Albans Bay area
Economic Development Council of Northern Vermont
Vermont Department of Buildings and General Services
Vermont Department of Corrections
Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets
Vermont Public Service Department
USDA Rural Development
Franklin County Industrial Development Corporation
Co-Coordinators
Connie Stanley-Little, EDCNV
Daniel Scruton, VAAFM
This report was funded by a grant from the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets with monies provided by the Vermont Public Service Department through funding from US DOE secured by Senator Jeffords. The opinions expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the position of State of Vermont or the Economic Development Council of Northern Vermont.

____________________________________________________________ _________
APPENDICES:
A. Primer on Anaerobic Digestion of Dairy Wastes ……………………………….32 B. Map of Dairy Operations in the St. Albans/Swanton area of Vermont………..33 C. Census of Select Farms in the St. Albans/Swanton area of Vermont…………34 D. Transportation Time and Costs: Central Digester Alternatives………………..35 E. Farm Modification Budget…………………………………………………………..37 F. Capital Costs…………………………………………………………………………38 G. Operating Costs: Alternate A………………………………………………….39 Alternate B………………………………………………....40

Alternate C…………………………………………………41
Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food, and Markets
Cooperative Manure Management Report for St. Albans/Swanton, VT Page 3
Table Of Contents
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY....................................................................... 4 2. BACKGROUND .................................................................................... 4 3. CURRENT SITUATION......................................................................... 6 3.1 DAIRY FARMS' SITUATION ......................................................................................6 3.2 CURRENT STATE OF VERMONT DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS ENERGY CONDITIONS AT THE ST. ALBANS FACILITY..........................................................................................7 4. MANURE MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES....................................... 9 4.1 POTENTIAL MANURE MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGIES ...............................................9 4.2 CENTRAL VERSUS INDIVIDUAL DIGESTERS............................................................10 4.3 RANGE OF DIGESTER CONFIGURATIONS ...............................................................12 4.4 MANURE TRANSPORTATION ALTERNATIVES..........................................................13 4.5 INTEGRATION WITH THE VT DOC CORRECTIONAL FACILITY ...................................18 4.6 BY-PRODUCTS OF DIGESTION ..............................................................................19 4.7 REGULATORY ISSUES..........................................................................................20 5. COMPARISON OF OPTIONS............................................................. 20 5.1 PHYSICAL CONSTRAINTS .....................................................................................20 5.2 FINANCIAL ISSUES ..............................................................................................23 5.3 ENVIRONMENTAL...
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