Feasibility of the Extract from Sibukaw (Caesalpinia Sappan) Wood as Textile Dye

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FEASIBILITY OF THE EXTRACT FROM

SIBUKAW (Caesalpinia sappan) WOOD

AS TEXTILE DYE

PRESENTED IN THE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT

(SCIENCE CURRICULUM)

ILIGAN CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

ILIGAN CITY

SUBMITTED TO:

MRS. ANNALLEE Q. ARON

RESEARCH TEACHER

SUBMITTED BY:

Ibrahim, Mahalia Taskeen R.

Cabugatan, Fahad M.

Lomansoc, Jake G.

Miano, Ryan I.

Surmion, Paul Jeffrey S.

ABSTRACT

Dyes known to the ancients came from plants such as indigo and madder or from the shells of mollusks; today most dyes are made from coal tar and petrochemicals. The chemical structure of dyes is relatively easy to modify, so many new colours and types of dyes have been synthesized. Natural dyes are used as an alternative of these expensive synthetic dyes. The dye was produced by boiling the sibukaw wood. The color of the extract produced was red. The extract of the sibukaw wood was used to color the clopman cloth. Then the extract was divided into halves. In the first half of the sibukaw wood extract, the cloths with mordant were soaked in it while those cloths without mordant were soaked directly in the other half of the extract. There was a difference in terms of the intensity of the red color the extract gives it to the cloth. The cloths with mordant were dark red and those cloths without mordant were light red in color.

The intensity of the colors on the cloth didn’t change in the sunlight test but in the washing test, the color of the dye without mordant which was light red slowly faded away until its color was gone while the cloth with mordant had changed in color because its dark red color turned into light red. The dark red color of the dye in the cloths used in the bleaching test returned to its original color, white, after subjecting it to the test.

The researcher suggests conducting further study on how to improve the colors of the dye in the cloth especially in the washing and bleaching test. The researcher also recommends other types of cloth and to use another mordant and plant extract.

ii

We dedicate this to our families,

friends, teachers

and most of all, to the

Almighty Allah.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Pages

Title Page…………………………...……………………………………………..……………....i

Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………..……ii

Dedication………………………………………………………………………………...…..….iii

Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………………..iv

CHAPTER

I Introduction

Background of the Study………………………………………………………………...1

Statement of the Problem……………………………………………….…………….....1

Sub-Problems……………………………………………….……………………….…...1

Objective………………………………………………………...………………………..2

Significance of the Study………………………………...………………………………2

Scope and Limitations…………………………………………….……………………..2

Definition of Terms……………………………………………………..………………..3

II Review of Related Literature

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………4

Dye…………………………………………………………………………………….…..4

History of Dyes………………………………………………………..………………….5

Types of Dyes………………………………………………….…………………….…6-7

Mordant……………………………………………………………………………….8-11

Sibukaw Wood……………………………………………..…………..…………....12-13

Related Study………………………………………...……………………………..…..14

Conceptual Framework………………………...……………….….………………..…15

III Methodology

Materials…………………………………………….......................................................16

Procedures…………………………………………………………...……………….…17

Testing the Product…………………………….……………………………………….18

IV Results and Discussions

Intensity of Color……………………………………...………………………………..19

Colorfastness Test…………………………………………….………………………...20

V Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations

Summary………………………………..…………………………………………….…22

Conclusions…………………………………….………………………………………..22...
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