SIBUKAW (Caesalpinia sappan) WOOD
AS TEXTILE DYE
PRESENTED IN THE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT
ILIGAN CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
MRS. ANNALLEE Q. ARON
Ibrahim, Mahalia Taskeen R.
Cabugatan, Fahad M.
Lomansoc, Jake G.
Miano, Ryan I.
Surmion, Paul Jeffrey S.
Dyes known to the ancients came from plants such as indigo and madder or from the shells of mollusks; today most dyes are made from coal tar and petrochemicals. The chemical structure of dyes is relatively easy to modify, so many new colours and types of dyes have been synthesized. Natural dyes are used as an alternative of these expensive synthetic dyes. The dye was produced by boiling the sibukaw wood. The color of the extract produced was red. The extract of the sibukaw wood was used to color the clopman cloth. Then the extract was divided into halves. In the first half of the sibukaw wood extract, the cloths with mordant were soaked in it while those cloths without mordant were soaked directly in the other half of the extract. There was a difference in terms of the intensity of the red color the extract gives it to the cloth. The cloths with mordant were dark red and those cloths without mordant were light red in color.
The intensity of the colors on the cloth didn’t change in the sunlight test but in the washing test, the color of the dye without mordant which was light red slowly faded away until its color was gone while the cloth with mordant had changed in color because its dark red color turned into light red. The dark red color of the dye in the cloths used in the bleaching test returned to its original color, white, after subjecting it to the test.
The researcher suggests conducting further study on how to improve the colors of the dye in the cloth especially in the washing...