Fear and Misery of the Third Reich

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gle against a in the Strug e Dram A German Exil


John J. White and Ann White

Bertolt Brecht’s Furcht und Elend des Dritten Reiches

Studies in German Literature, Linguistics, and Culture

Bertolt Brecht’s Furcht und Elend des Dritten Reiches
A German Exile Drama in the Struggle against Fascism

John J. White and Ann White

Rochester, New York

Copyright © 2010 John J. White and Ann White All Rights Reserved. Except as permitted under current legislation, no part of this work may be photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, published, performed in public, adapted, broadcast, transmitted, recorded, or reproduced in any form or by any means, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. First published 2010 by Camden House Camden House is an imprint of Boydell & Brewer Inc. 668 Mt. Hope Avenue, Rochester, NY 14620, USA www.camden-house.com and of Boydell & Brewer Limited PO Box 9, Woodbridge, Suffolk IP12 3DF, UK www.boydellandbrewer.com ISBN-13: 978-1-57113-373-1 ISBN-10: 1-57113-373-9 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data White, John J., 1940– Bertolt Brecht’s Furcht und elend des dritten reiches: a German exile drama in the struggle against fascism / John J. White and Ann White. p. cm. — (Studies in German literature, linguistics, and culture) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-1-57113-373-1 (acid-free paper) ISBN-10: 1-57113-373-9 (acid-free paper) 1. Brecht, Bertolt, 1898–1956. Furcht und Elend des III. Reiches. I. White, Ann. II. Title. III. Series. PT2603.R397F839 2010 832’.912—dc22 2010004401 A catalogue record for this title is available from the British Library. This publication is printed on acid-free paper. Printed in the United States of America.

Acknowledgments Textual Note Abbreviations of Works Frequently Cited 1: The Historical Context of the Furcht und Elend Project 2: Brecht and Fascism 3: Fear and Misery in Brecht’s Depiction of Third Reich Germany 4: “Der Widerstand, und zwar der wachsende Widerstand”: Brecht’s Dramatized Typology of Forms of Opposition 5: Songs, Poems, and Other Commenting Devices in Furcht und Elend and The Private Life of the Master Race 6: Epic Structure, Alienation Effects, and Aristotelian Theater Concluding Remarks Appendix A: Furcht und Elend Scene Titles and their English Equivalents Appendix B: The First Four Verses of “Die deutsche Heerschau” in German and English Bibliography Index vii ix xi 1 29 70 103 147 180 222 231 232 235 253

OME PARTS OF THE ARGUMENT in Chapters Four, Five, and Six of the present study are based on readings that have been published elsewhere in an earlier form. We are grateful to the Modern Humanities Research Association for permission to re-use material from “Bertolt Brecht’s Furcht und Elend des III. Reiches and the Moscow ‘Realism’ Controversy,” first published in The Modern Language Review in 2005. A draft of Chapter Five was presented as a paper at the international conference “Bertolt Brecht: A Reassessment of His Work and Legacy,” held at the Institute of Germanic and Romance Studies, School of Advanced Studies (University of London), in February 2006. We should like to thank Gerd Labroisse, editor of the Rodopi series Amsterdamer Beiträge zur Neueren Germanistik, for permission to use some sections of our London paper in the present volume. We also want to express our thanks to the following friends and colleagues for commenting on various versions of the present study and for other forms of help given during our work on the project: Robert Gillett (London), Michael Minden (Cambridge), Hamish Ritchie (Sheffield), Ritchie Robertson (Oxford), Ronald Speirs (Birmingham), Martin Swales (London), Alfred Trupat (Berlin), and Godela Weiss-Sussex (London). We owe a special debt of gratitude to William Abbey, former librarian of the erstwhile Institute of Germanic Studies in the School of Advanced Studies, University of London. Bill, a...
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