Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler are often referred to as two of the most influential people of the first half of the twentieth century. FDR and Hitler were certainly the two most influential and powerful people in their time of economic depression and world war. These were two very different men, but they had their similarities. Both of these men brought their country’s out of an economic depression. The two were very impressive speakers. Hitler certainly had his “critics”, but so too did Franklin Roosevelt.
Franklin Roosevelt started his first presidential term at the lowest point in the Great Depression. Roosevelt brought this country great relief from the Great Depression. He started with what is known as the First New Deal, bringing relief, recovery, and reform to the American economy. This simple name was for a rather complex sequence of programs set to help the economy. Roosevelt’s First New Deal set out to give immediate relief to those American’s most affected by the depression. Its main method of relief was basically to employ as many people, or rather men, as possible. It set up several agencies, such as the Civilian Conservation Corps, Public Works Administration, and Works Progress Administration, that gave jobs to hundreds of thousands people in rural construction, public works construction, and various other fields. These agencies, along with the New Deal’s other agencies were soon referred to as alphabet agencies, since they were referred to by their acronyms. Roosevelt’s First New Deal also promised economic recovery by the creation of various government programs. The last phase was economic reform. Roosevelt set up more of his alphabet agencies, such as the Securities Exchange Commission and the Tennessee Valley Authority to reform the economy. Roosevelt’s Second New Deal just expanded what his first had started. It set up the Works Progress Administration, which employed over...