Fashion 1890-1900

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FEMALE EVENING WEAR COSTUME
IN
1890- 1900

GAY/ NAUGTY NINTEIS
REASERCH SEMINAR IN THE HISTORY OF COSTUME

Table of contents
Introduction……………………….…1
History and Events…………………..1
Art and Architecture…………………4
Fashion in the 1890s…………………6
Conclusion…………………………...11
Appendix………………………………12
Bibliography…………………………22

"Humanity takes itself too seriously. It is the world's original sin. If the cave-man had known how to laugh, History would have been different." Oscar Wilde

Introduction:
1890s-1900
England was under the reign of Queen Victoria and the industrial revolution was at its prime. There was a wealthy middle class emerging, and new artistic movements began developing. The 1890s was referred to by a number of names for example in America it was known as the ‘Gay nineties’ as opposed to Britain where it was known as the ‘Naughty nineties’ or the ‘Gilded age’. At this time Britain was the strongest, most stable empire in the world and these years were quiet and peaceful as there was hardly any conflict. This scenario encouraged the speed of the industrial revolution, which encouraged economic growth. The Bourgeoisie were accumulating wealth, which enabled them to have more spare time for social and recreational interests. In this paper I will be reviewing the events, culture and clothing from the 90s, which was under Queen Victoria’s reign within the context of world history, art, politics, economics and social change. Social, political and the industrial changes influenced the clothing of the decade, and brought forth a dramatic explosion in design of women’s clothing which eventually influenced the future fashion. Historical background of 1890-1900

The Victorian age was drawing to a close. Queen Victoria had reigned since 1837, and during that period Britain had become the most important global force based on her supreme naval power. Since the death of her beloved husband Albert, Victoria had become a virtual recluse, dressing totally in black for the rest of her life. When Victoria died she left behind an industrial country with a developed network. (a.1) Conquering colonies

During the Victorian period, Britain’s ambition was to extend its control of areas beyond the seas, mainly in establishing colonies and taking over areas in Africa, Asia and the Far East. The British Empire took control of East Africa, intending to create unity and territorial contiguity between the colonies in Southern Africa. (a.2) Queen Victoria put an emphasis on ethics and values, which reflected both on society and Government. She had a lack of tolerance for crime, which filtered to other countries outside of the UK due to the influence of the British Empire abroad. Britain in the 1890’s was the most powerful force in the world. Although Britain had been at war for much of the Victorian era, industry and economy had continued to grow, and the 90’s was considerably quieter which only accentuated the growth. It was a decade of reconciliation and peace in Europe. Meanwhile over ‘the pond’, the USA was beginning to step forward in the international arena as a new powerful leader. Despite a severe economic crisis (1893- 1897), and with a new Republican President, McKinley, the US went to war against Spain concerning the Philippines, Cuba, and Puerto Rico in 1898. Industrial Advancement

The last decade of the 19th century marked one of the most rapid developments of human history. This industrial revolution dramatically changed the way of life. At the beginning of the 19th century people depended on their own physical strength, and the use of animal power, which helped them with transport and farming and communication. However with the development of industrial machinery, mass production became the accepted mode. Mass production also resulted in the improvement of the quality of food people ate. Food was distributed quicker thanks to improvements in...
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