The United States from the beginning was a nation of farmers. But by the late nineteenth century, people were leaving the farm and moving into the city. It was around this time that the farmers saw threats to their way of life. The farmers were being pushed around by the banks, railroads companies. They had good reasons for agrarian discontent. The documents show the validity of the farmer's complaints, especially on bank mortgage rates and the gold standard.
The Populist Party or People's party grew from agrarian uprising that rose after the collapse of agriculture prices following the Panic of 1873. The Farmers' Alliance, promoted collective economic action by farmers and achieved widespread popularity in the South and Great Plains. Document A describe the complaints of the Populist Party and their views. The document supports the fact that the party was formed to voice the complaints of the farmers against gold standard, the industrialists, and the corruption. The Farmers' Alliance or Populist Party was ultimately unable to accomplish its wider economic objective of grouped action against bankers, railroads, and merchants. By the late 1880s, the Alliance had developed a political outline that called for regulation and reform in national politics. The major issue was the Alliance's opposition to the gold standard to counter the deflation in agricultural prices. The populist wanted sliver currency because they believe it would make it easy to pay back debt and bring inflation. Document C shows that money was hard to come by between 1870-1880 and show the reason for the farmers wanting a silver currency. They thought it would be easy to pay off their debt if money was easier to come by The Document E points out that the reason the farmers are in horrific economic situation is because they keep overproducing but they're blaming it on the gold standard instead. Document B describes the reasons the silver currency wouldn't help farmers. The document says labor,...
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