Fao Paper Series - Cocoa and Coffee Value Chain in West and Centra; Africa

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Food and Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations

Cocoa and Coffee Value Chains in West and Central Africa:
Constraints and Options for Revenue-Raising Diversification

Doussou Traoré

February 2009

AAACP Paper Series – No. 3

ALL ACP AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES PROGRAMME

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

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ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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PART I: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background and context
1.2 Lay out of the study

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PART II: WCA COCOA STUDY
2.1 Production
2.1.1 Production trends and yields
2.1.2 Production, labor and land
2.2 Marketing and value chain
2.2.1 The Cocoa value chain
2.2.2 Market structure and distributional issues
2.2.2 Farmers’ organizations
2.2.3 Quality standards and traceability
2.2.4 Biotechnology and implications for WCA cocoa producers 2.3 Trade
2.3.1 Export Trends
2.3.2 Price Trends
2.3.3 International agreements and price stability
2.4 Policy environment and structural adjustments
2.4.1 Marketing system prior to the reforms
2.4.2 Structural adjustments and institutional reforms
2.4.3 Post reform role of public and private sector

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PART III: WCA COFFEE STUDY
3.1 Production
3.1.1 Production trends and yields
3.1.2 Production, labor, and land
3.2 Marketing and value chain
3.2.1 The coffee value chain
3.2.2 Farmers’ organizations
3.2.3 Quality Standards and Traceability
3.3 Trade
3.3.1 Exports Trends
3.3.2 Price Price Trends
3.3.3 International agreements and price stability
3.4 Policy environment and structural adjustments
3.4.1 Structural adjustments and institutional reforms
3.4.2 Post reform role of public and private sector

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Part IV: DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES
FOR WCA COCOA AND COFFEE SYSTEMS

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Part V: CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

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REFERENCES

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APPENDIX 1

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1. a Contacts
1. b Questionaire
ANNEX 1
OVERVIEW OF COCOA AND COFFEE FARMING SYSTEMS

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ANNEX 2
Table 1: Cocoa and Coffee Value Shares (%) to Total Agricultural and Total Merchandise Export (2000-2005)

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ANNEX 3
STATISTICAL ANNEX

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Preface
This report is a background study conducted on 10 cocoa and coffee producing countries in West and Central Africa (WCA) - notably Cameroon, the Central African Republic (CAR), Congo, the Democratic Republic of (DRC), Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sao Tomé and Principe (STP), Sierra Leone, and Togo.

Acknowledgments
This report has been prepared by Doussou Traoré with contributions from Aziz Elbehri as a part of a series of studies conducted under the All ACP (Africa-Caribbean-Pacific) Agricultural Commodities Programme (AAACP) funded by the European Union.

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ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
ACP
ACPC
BCEAO
BEAC
CSSPPA
EIU
EU
FAO
FO
FoB
LBA
LBC
NCB
GPCC
GST
HYV
ICA
ICCO
ICO
ICRAF
IITA
IMF
ONCC
ONCPB
QC
QCD
OPAT
SAP
SODECAO
STCP
TNC
TRIPS
USAID
VAT
VCA
WCA
WTO

Africa-Caribbean-Pacific countries that have signed the Cotonou agreement with the European Union
Association of Coffee Producing Countries
Banque Centrale des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest
Banque des Etats de l’Afrique Central
Caisse de Stabilisation et de Soutien des Prix des Produits Agricoles (Côte d’Ivoire)
Economist Intelligence Unit
European Union
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations
Farmer Organization
Free on Board
Licensed Buying Agent
Licensed Buying Company
Nigerian Cocoa Board
Groupements de Producteurs Caff -Cacao (Togo)
Goods and Service Taxes
High Yielding Variety
International Cocoa/Coffee Agreement
International Cocoa Organization
International Coffee Organization
International Centre for Research in Agroforestry
International Institute for Tropical Agriculture
International Monetary Fund
Office National du Café et du...
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