Famous Euthanasia Debates

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Importance of Euthanasia

It allows people to be free of physical pain, followed by mental suffering. One of the most famous euthanasia debates revolves around Dax Cowart, who was almost burned to death in a propane explosion. His hands, eyes, ears, and lips were burned off, he spent years in physical pain, wishing to die. Does he have the right to die, be free of his physical pain and mental sadness? Or is it better that he now continues to live, blind, deaf, divorced, alone, and has attempted suicide numerous times?

• Euthanasia(origin: Greek; meaning "good death”)refers to the practice of ending a life in a manner which relieves pain and suffering.(2. DEFINITION

• According to the House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics, the precise definition of euthanasia is "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering."(3.

• “An action or omission which of itself and by intention causes death, with the purpose of eliminating suffering.” (EV 65)( Euthanasia is categorized in different ways, which include voluntary, non-voluntary, or involuntary and active or passive.(4.

• Ex: When the patient brings about his or her own death with the assistance of a physician, the term ”assisted suicide” is often used instead.( VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA is conducted with the consent of the patient is termed voluntary euthanasia.(5. TYPES OF EUTHANASIA

• Ex: Child euthanasia is a controversial form of non- voluntary euthanasia that is applied to children who are gravely ill or suffer from significant birth defects.( NONVOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA is conducted where the consent of the patient is unavailable.(6.

• INVOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA is conducted against the will of the patient is termed involuntary euthanasia.(7.

• 8. PHILIPPINE SETTING

• Euthanasia is not legal here in the Philippines but some are using Euthanasia or mercy killing on terminally ill patients and most of them are poor. They have no other choice but to use Euthanasia to stop the patient from suffering from pain.(9.

• 10. DATA/ NUMBERS/FACTS

• Only 2 out of 10 terminally ill patients survives because of proper medications. The remaining 8 out of 10 is sentenced to Euthanasia.(11.

• A survey in the United States of more than 10,000 physicians came to the result that approximately 16% of physicians would ever consider halting life- sustaining therapy because the family demands it, even if believed that it was premature. Approximately 55% would not, and for the remaining 29%, it would depend on circumstances.(12.

• This study also stated that approx. 46% of physicians agree that physician- assisted suicide should be allowed in some cases; 41% do not, and the remaining 14% think it depends.(13.

• 14. STAND OF THECHURCH

• In the most recent version of the Catechism of the Catholic Church (2003), all forms of suicide and euthanasia remain strictly prohibited, but questions of moral culpability and eternal salvation are left open. Paragraphs 2280-83 of Article 5 (On the Fifth Commandment) address suicide:2280: Everyone is responsible for his life before God who has given it to him. It is God who remains the sovereign Master of life. We are obliged to accept life gratefully and preserve it for his honor and the salvation of our souls. We are stewards, not owners, of the life God has entrusted to us. It is not ours to dispose of.2281: Suicide contradicts the natural inclination of the human being to preserve and perpetuate his life. It is gravely contrary to the just love of self. It likewise offends love of neighbor because it unjustly breaks the ties of solidarity with family, nation, and other human societies to which we continue to have obligations. Suicide is contrary to love for the living God.(15.

• 16. 2282: If suicide is committed with the intention of setting an example, especially to the young, it also...
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