Family Structure

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The impact of globalization on family–structure: a sociological study

Abstract In the present research paper, we shall discuss a study which has been carried out on the Bengali community situating in the lowlands (Tarai) of the Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttarakhand and the effect of Modernization and Globalization on their family structure on this community. Its historicity lies in the fact that the Bengali community living in the lowlands of Udham Singh Nagar has all come from East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh) and mainly from its three districts viz. Khulna, Faridpur and Jasaur. Keywords: Impact of Globalization , Family–Structure, Population Exchange Policy INTRODUCTION Ever since the growth of human civilization, change has remained a consistent part of every society though there have been variations in its state and directions. At different phases of growth the processes of change have affected the various aspects of society. The processes of social change like: Modernization, Westernization, Urbanization and Sanskritization have contributed a lot in changing the Society. In the decade of 90’s, the policy of Liberalization in the economic field, has resulted in frequent exchanges and a huge increase in the import-export between nations, and the development of various modes of communication has made the social exchanges between nations possible and easy. These social contacts have been defined in the form of globalization have also influenced the different aspects of Indian society. The primary unit of society and also primary source of socialization is family. The family has also been influenced by the effects of Globalization. Though it is the fact that processes like- Industrialization and Modernization have influences the traditional structure of family in the early years, but the changes have been rapid in the recent years on the Indian rural society, which has also passed through Globalization and Information Revolution along with other social changes. Globalization is a concept of the emergence of a society that is based on the global outlook. Globalization is outcome of various social and cultural interactions between the masses. The department of Rehabilitation of Indian Government had done ample work for rehabiliting this community in the lowlands (Tarai) of Udham Singh Nagar. This rehabilitation was done under the “Population Exchange Policy” after the partition of the country and so they are considered as Non-Residents or Refugees in the Tarai. The lowland of Uttarakhand stretches through four Districts Received: Jan 2, 2012; Revised: Jan 12, 2012; Accepted: Jan 28, 2012. *Corresponding Author Anchalesh Kumar Department of Sociology, Government P.G. College, Bageshwar (Uttarakhand), India Tel: +91-9412926680; Fax: +91-5963-220081 Email: anchalesh_kr@yahoo.com

(Dehradun, Haridwar, Udham Singh Nagar and Champawat). The present paper is in reference to the Udham Singh Nagar districts under the Gadarpur Tehsil and within it the Dineshpur town and around 36 villages surrounding it, and the Bengali families undergoing change in their family structure. For the study around 36 villages in and around the Dineshpur town and also from the adjacent residential colonies around 6 villages were chosen of through purposive sample method. Thereafter for random sampling the Lottery method was applied out of which 300 respondents (50 persons per village) were taken into consideration for analyzing the role of globalization on their family structure. All the 300 respondents (male and female) were the head of their respective families. This study was based on the explorative and descriptive research design. The main basis of the research was the primary data, which was collected through the quasi participant observation and through the interview schedule. In this research, for the collection of required facts the secondary data was also used on two major aspects of the changes in the family structure were being kept into...
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