Family of Law

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Family of Law| Countries Where Type of Law is Dominant| Characteristics| How Disputes are Settled| How Cases are Handled| Common Law| Found in England and its’ former colonies. U.S. , Canada, and Australia| Uniform application of ideas. Ideas are compared to principles and understandings or customs.| Case law relies on precedents from past judicial decisions.| There are specialized courts that hear the presented information for different cases, and then a ruling is made.| Civil Law| Continental Europe, Japan, South Korea, Central America, South America, and Africa| Relies on collecting law and then codifying that law. The origin of civil law can be found in Rome.| Disputes are settled with an inquisitorial model of law. The detailed civil law codes are implemented to solve legal arguments.| Civil law judges interpret the legal codes and apply the law. There is a jury, but it plays a small role in the justice system.| Theocratic Law| Israel, Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia, Sudan, Oman, Nigeria…..| Sacred laws that are built on religious beliefs.| Religious laws solve legal disputes. | Rabbinic courts in Israel interpret, explain, and implement Jewish law, but this is only one example.| Socialist Law| Main examples are the Soviet Union and China| The form of law used in a Communist nation| People are repressed through brutal justice systems for the benefit of the government system in place.| Tribunals are an example that is used in Cuba. Cases are handled based on Castro’s desires, but this is only one example.| Traditional Law| United States, South Africa, Hong Kong, Australia, Ireland, Sri Lanka, India| Law that relies on customs and unwritten rules in a pre-modern nation.| Disputes are settled based on the needs of the group of society as a whole.| Judges and court rooms do not exist in this form of law. Compromise is quite often how social dilemmas are handled, because it serves the good of ALL. |
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