Family of Law
| Countries Where Type of Law is Dominant
| How Disputes are Settled
| How Cases are Handled
| Common Law
| Found in England and its’ former colonies. U.S. , Canada, and Australia
| Uniform application of ideas. Ideas are compared to principles and understandings or customs.
| Case law relies on precedents from past judicial decisions.
| There are specialized courts that hear the presented information for different cases, and then a ruling is made.
| Civil Law
| Continental Europe, Japan, South Korea, Central America, South America, and Africa
| Relies on collecting law and then codifying that law. The origin of civil law can be found in Rome.
| Disputes are settled with an inquisitorial model of law. The detailed civil law codes are implemented to solve legal arguments.
| Civil law judges interpret the legal codes and apply the law. There is a jury, but it plays a small role in the justice system.
| Theocratic Law
| Israel, Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia, Sudan, Oman, Nigeria…..
| Sacred laws that are built on religious beliefs.
| Religious laws solve legal disputes.
| Rabbinic courts in Israel interpret, explain, and implement Jewish law, but this is only one example.
| Socialist Law
| Main examples are the Soviet Union and China
| The form of law used in a Communist nation
| People are repressed through brutal justice systems for the benefit of the government system in place.
| Tribunals are an example that is used in Cuba. Cases are handled based on Castro’s desires, but this is only one example.
| Traditional Law
| United States, South Africa, Hong Kong, Australia, Ireland, Sri Lanka, India
| Law that relies on customs and unwritten rules in a pre-modern nation.
| Disputes are settled based on the needs of the group of society as a whole.
| Judges and court rooms do not exist in this form of law. Compromise is quite often how social dilemmas are handled, because it serves the good of ALL.
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