Family Culture

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Family Culture

By | Jan. 2011
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Connectedness versus Separateness: Applicability of Family Therapy to Japanese Families AKESHI TAMURA and ANNIE LAU Family Process: 31, 4, 319-40 (1992) -------------------------------------------------

Article is the product of two authors' multicultural experiences, contrasting British and Japanese families in order to examine the applicability of the Western model of family therapy to Japanese families and therapists. Family therapy is currently a topic of growing interest in Japan. -------------------------------------------------

Areas where the Western model is incompatible are identified, and modifications to fit the Japanese indigenous model are suggested. Culture “defines broad patterns of social order that locate human experience in a large context and legitimate ways of knowing and ways of acting” (Cronen, Johnson, & Lannamann, 1982). (Cultural difference becomes an issue when a cultural boundary is created within the therapeutic system, often when a therapist and a family belong to different cultures or subcultures. May also be boundaries created through multicultural marriages, immigrant families where adaptation to new environment is different between different family members) -due to the growing interest in family therapy many therapists have travelled to western areas to learn new skills/attend courses/do work experience. It has been noticed that problems are faced when they return, to implement western techniques in Japan. There are 2ways to look at cultural differences: Relativist therapist would stress difference and Universalist would assume that the similarity. CONTRASTING JAPANESE AND BRITISH FAMILIES

-In the British culture, importance of the separateness of individuals takes precedence (Growth in childhood, according to object relation theory, is a process of...