“The devotion of such titans of spirit as Lenin to an Ideal must bear fruit. The nobility of his selflessness will be an example through centuries to come, and his Ideal will reach perfection” -Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi’s quotation stated above means change should start within you. Just like the great leader Lenin, his ideals were able to bear fruit. Likewise in the field of Nursing, a nurse’s devotion and passion for change, particularly on disease prevention and health promotion, will help her to achieve the change she wants. When this happens, everything else follows- a fruit will bear eventually, and the ideals or actions brought about by the initiation of nurse to change will serve as an inspiration and example for others to imitate. Gradually, the fruit of the nurse’s ideals will reach perfection which means, the change will manifest on others and on the community.
Community is considered as the recipient of service wherein it comprises a group of people sharing common geographical boundaries, values, interest and characteristics. It also refers to a limited geographic area in which the residents relate to and interact among them, thus in Community Health Nursing, community is not the sole central foundation in assessing the health status. In order to properly observe and assess the community, its integral parts must be given attention. The family, which is the basic unit that makes up the community, should be considered. No social group has the potential to provide the same level of support and long lasting emotional ties as one’s own family. Family is a factor in bringing the change necessary in promoting wellness among people because it carries a common purpose which is to promote the physical, mental, emotional, and social development of each of its members. With same extent, every member of the family contributes to the wholeness of the community. Since no one lives in isolation, the individual’s ability to maintain good relationship with his/her family members and ability to be proactive for the welfare of the whole community should be regarded in the study of Community Health Nursing. Hence, a healthy community is rooted from the participation of functional families that of, through the assembly of active and productive individuals (Pillitteri, 2007).
Furthermore, community health nursing is a field of nursing that renders community, groups, families and individuals at home, in health centers, in clinics, in school, in places of work for the promotion of health, prevention of illness, care of the sick at home and rehabilitation. Community health nursing indeed, has a breadth that is beyond a medical model approach. Public Health Nurses work with many different client groups, community settings and types of agencies, and they often possess additional areas of specialty knowledge. They are the one who facilitates preventive measures inside the community. (Keleher, 2007)
However, public health nurses and the other health care teams in the community are being challenged because they are faced with barriers that stop them from promoting health and preventing illness. One relatable example is the rising unemployment and poverty in the Philippines. The official estimate for unemployment in 2008 was 7.4 percent or 2.7 million—an increase of 0.1 percent from 2007. The government defines the unemployed as those who are simultaneously without work, looking for work and immediately available for work. Added to this, in another survey, Social Weather Station reported a record 23.7 percent increase in the number of families experiencing hunger at least once in three months, to 4.3 million families or more than 20 million people.
And with these situations, Family Case Analysis (FCA) tries to find out the relationship of a certain family to the community at large; to find out risk problems and find ways to alleviate these dilemmas that would...