Family and Grandparents

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Grandparents Raising Grandchildren

Tanya McDonald

Research and Urban Social Problems
Professor Dr. Melissa B. Littlefield
March 30, 2008
Table of Contents

Page

Introduction ……………………………………………………………………... 3

Abstract …………………………………………………………………………..4

Literature Review ………………………………………………………………..4

Hypothesis……………………………………………………………………….11

Methodology………………………………………………….………………….11
Data Collection………………………………………….……………….11
Source…………………………………………………….………………l1
Location………………………………………………….………………12
Time……………………………………………………….……………. 12

Instrument………………………………………………………….…………….12
Surveys…………………………………………………….……………..12
Demographics……………………………………………….……………12
Age………………………………………………….…………….12
Race………………………………………………….……………12
Health Issues…………………………………………..…………..12
Socioeconomic Status……………………………………..………12

Content of Survey………………………………………………………………….12
What questions are you attempting to answer?………………….…………12

Analytical Strategies……………………………………………………..…………13
SPSS version 15.0 windows
Cross Tab with Chi Square analysis
Age Chart
Race Chart
Health Status Chart
Economic Status Chart

Findings/Results of Research………………………………………….…………..14 Implications for Social Work Practice………………………………….…………15

Bibliography…………………………………………………………….…………16

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Introduction

The purpose of this quantitative study is to determine the various barriers faced by grandparent caregivers. Recent studies indicate that the percentage of grandparent caregiver has increased substantially in 2005, the U.S. Census Bureau (Simmons & Dye, 2003) reported that 3.6% (5.8 million) of adults 30 years and older were living with a grandchild younger than 18years old (2.4 million) of whom were responsible for raising their grandchildren. The factors contributing to this increase are as varied and complex as the barriers facing grandparents today. This study will evaluate the age, race, financial, medical and mental stress affecting grandparent caregivers.

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Abstract
Throughout the 2000s there has been increasing policy interest in the role grandparents’ play in raising and providing care for their grandchildren. In this paper, we use the information collected from the survey data in conjunction with data from past ten years to estimate how many grandparents maintain household for their grandchildren and how these numbers have changed since 1990. We focus on describing give types of grandparent-maintained families-both grandparents, some parents present; both grandparents, no parents present; grandmother only, some parents present; grandmother only, no parents present; and grandfather only present- and examine who these grandparents are, where they live, and how they fare economically. We also look at the characteristics of the grandchildren in these homes and use multivariate techniques to ascertain whether family structure affects grandchildren’s economic well-being, health insurance, and whether they receive public assistance. We also find that family structure does affect a grandchild’s well being. Grandchildren in grandmother only homes, with no parents present families are the most likely to be poor and to have received public assistance, while those in both grandparents, no parents present families are the most likely to be uninsured. Review of the Literature

There are many questions concerning grandparents who parent their grandchildren that remain unanswered. In fact, grandparents as parents are an area of

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research that only has emerged in recent years. As such, a large collection of literature has not yet been established, while the research that is available tends to focus on the negative aspects of caring for grandchildren. To begin with we need to learn more about the difficulties and benefits, which may be common to all grandparents, who parent their grandchildren, It would be helpful to also distinguish the factors that...
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