Family and Children

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Range of Early Years Setting Reflects the Scope and Purpose of the Sector.

How the range of early years setting reflects the scope and purpose of the sector.

The early year’s sector in the U.K. is complex, unlike many European countries it was not developed by government policy with specific aims but came about in response to families’ requirements which are based on changing economic and social factors.

Family requirements for their children vary. Some parents wanted care for their children so that they can return to work; some parents want to stay with their children while they socialise; some wanted their children in setting that offer services aimed at learning; other parents wanted their children to be in a home based environment. This is why the early year’s sector has various forms of provision to meet the needs of families. Early Years Setting sector provisions include: •Childminders

Nurseries and crèches
Children’s centres
Pre-schools and Schools
Playgroups and other out of school clubs
Mother and Toddler groups
In the second half of the twentieth century public expenditure on early year’s provision focused on families with social needs and difficulties. Local authority day nurseries catered mainly for children who were at risk from harm mainly in deprived areas. There was early year’s provision available in the private sector in the form of child-minders, nannies and private nurseries. During the 1960s the playgroup movement developed, where parents set up and run provision for their own children to learn through play in village halls and other community facilities. This was originally the way my setting was formed. Over the past ten to fifteen years the early year’s sector has been at the forefront of government agenda and there have been huge changes in response to social and economic developments.

Childminders work full and part time, often offering night care. The childminder has to be OFSTEAD registered if...
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