There are five social institutions namely, family institution, education institution religion institution, political institution, economic institution .So all these institutions are inter related and inter linked with each other as the part of human body. As for as the family institution is concerned. Family as the social institution performs several functions. Kingsly Davis, Specks the four main functions of the family. i. Reproduction.
Family is the most important primary group in society. It is the simplest and the most elementary form of society. It is outstanding primary group because child develops its basic attitudes with in family. The family is the first group in which we found ourselves. The family as an institution is universal. It is the most permanent and the most pervasive of all social institutions. Family is a small group consisting ordinary of father, mother, one or more children and some times near or distant relatives.
MEANING OF FAMILY.
The word ‘Family’ has been taken over from Latin word ‘Famulus’ which means servants. Thus originally family consisted of a man and women with a child or children and servants. The meaning of family can be explained better by the following definition’s. Merrill.
“Family is the biological social unit composed of husband, wife and children”. M.F. nimkoff.
Says that “family is a more or less durable association of husband and wife with or without child or of a man or women alone with children”. Ogburn.
“Family is more or less durable association of husband and wife and children”. Clare.
“Family is a system of relationship existing between parents and children”. TYPE OF FAMILY:
TYPE OF FAMILY BY AUTHORITY:
• Patriarchal Family.
• Matriarchal Family.
• Democratic Family.
TYPE OF FAMILY BY STRUCTURE
• Joint family system /Extended family
• Nuclear family.
TYPE OF FAMILY BY SETTLEMENT:
• Patrilocal Family.
• Matrilocal Family.
• Neo local Family.
TYPE OF FAMILY BY LINEAGE.
• Patrilenial Family.
• Matrilenial Family.
• Bilateral Family.
TYPE OF FAMILY BY AUTHORITY:
Patriarchal family is also known as father- centered or father dominated family. With is family he exercises authority and he is the owner and administrator of the family property. In the whole family matters he is the final voice and opinion. He is all in all and the all family members subordinate to him. All the major decisions pertaining to family affairs are taken by him only. No body has the authority to question to him. But typical patriarchal families are not found today in the modern industrial families. Matriarchal Family.
Matriarchal family is also known as mother- centerd or mother dominated family. She is the head of the family and she exercises authority. She is the owner of the property and the manager of the house hold. All the members subordinate to her. She is all in all and the social thinker says that matriarchal family has been the earliest type of the family. Democratic Family.
In democratic family father and mother enjoy the equal status and opportunities have emerged. These types of family exist in industrial societies. We can call them equalitarian family. They also called modern families. TYPE OF FAMILY BY STRUCTURE
Joint family system /Extended family:
The joint family system is also known as “undivided” family and some times extended family. It normally consists of members who at least belong to three generations, husband, and wife, their unmarried and married children as well as unmarried grand children. Joint family system mostly exists in our rural Pakistani areas. Husband + wife + Married & Unmarried Children + Married & Unmarried grand children Definition of Joint Family:
i. The joint family is a mode of combining smaller families into larger family units through the extension of three or more...
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