Associate Level Material
Assumptions and Fallacies
Write a 150- to 200-word response to each of the following sets of questions:
• What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking? • What are fallacies? How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments? What might you do to avoid fallacies in your thinking?
Cite and reference any sourced material consistent with Associate Level Writing Style Handbook guidelines.
1. To assume is to take for granted, to expect that things will be a certain way because they have always been this way in the past or because you want them to be that way. How might assuming affect your critical thinking? An assumption is thinking that others will appreciate your enthusiasm about an issue or problem the way that you feel about it, people will have their own ideas about the same known issue or problem. Avoid making assumptions by; making an effort to identify assumptions before they happen because assuming, an unexpected outcome can be embarrassing. Make sure not to assume but to have proven facts. Making sure exactly how your solution will be applied. Making sure to check what difficulties could may arise in an implementation, and how these best be overcome. Make sure to see what reasons might others find opposing to this solution, and what modifications could you make to overcome their opposition. (The Art of thinking chapter 10)
2. Fallacies are defined as a mistaken belief and based on an illogical argument. Fallacies are
used in many things such as what we see or hear. Fallacies are glorified fabrications of the truth.
They are used in writing to get the reader focused on the topic without using logic. They are
used in writing, oral, and visual arguments to sway individuals to their point of view. Fallacies are
very improper argumentation that happens inside reasoning that ends...
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